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abjure

to recant, renounce, repudiate under oath

ablution

a washing or cleansing, especially of the body

adapt

To change or tailor something to fit

allegiance

Devotion or loyalty

amnesty

a general pardon granted by a government

anarchy

Absence of any form of political authority; a state of lawlessness

apocryphal

of doubtful authority or authenticity

ascetic

given to severe self-denial and practicing excessive abstinence and devotion

audacious

fearless

augury

omen

auspicious

favorable omen

autocrat

anyone who claims or wielded unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence

benign

good and kind heart

broach

to mention, for the first time

cabal

a number of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some private purpose

climate

The temperature, precipitation, winds, etc that characterize a region

coerce

to force

colloquial

pertaining or peculiar to common speech as distinguished from literary

collusion

a secret agreement for a wrongful purpose

colony

A group of emigrants or their descendants who settle in a distant territory by remain subject to or closely associated with the parent country

comestible

fit to be eaten

commemorate

to serve as a remembrance of

compass rose

Orientation graphic that indicates the direction north on a map or a globe

concensus

A point reached in a negotiation where a general agreement of all or most is achieved

conflagration

A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like

conspicuous

Clearly visible

copious

Penteous

correlate

To put in some relation of connection or correspondence

covert

Concealed, especially for an evil purpose

curtail

To cut off or cut short

dearth

Scarcity, as of something customary, essential, or desireable

deforestation

The clearing or destruction of forests

delta

a triangular tract of sediment at the mouth of a river, typically where it diverges into several outlets

demagogue

An unprincipled politician; someone who comes to power by appealing to the emotions of the populace

demarcation

the action of fixing the boundary or limits of something

denizen

Inhabitant

deplete

To reduce or lessen, as by use, exhaustion, or waste

desert

a dry, barren area of land

desertification

A process by which desert-like condition are created by a loss of plant cover and soil

deter

To frighten away

didactic

Pertaining to teaching

disparities

lack of equality

disseminate

To sow or scatter abroad, as seed is sown

dissent

Disagreement

dissolution

A breaking up of a union of persons

doctrine

A principle or body of principles presented for acceptance or belief

dogmatic

Making statements without argument or evidence

domestic

Of one's own counry; not foreign

edible

Suitable to be eaten

efficacy

The power to produce an intended effect as shown in the production of it

egregious

Extreme

engender

To produce

enigma

A riddle

enmity

Hatred

epithet

Word used adjectivally to describe some quality or attribute of an object, as in "Father Aeneas"

epitome

A simplified representation

eulogy

A spoken or written laudation of a person's life or character

evoke

To call forth or summon

exacerbate

To make more sharp, severe, or virulent

exile

the state of being barred from one's native country

extant

Still existing and known

extol

To praise in the highest terms

extort

To obtain by violence, threats, compulsion, or the subjection of another to some necessity

extraneous

Having no essential relation to a subject

fallacious

Illogical

finesse

Subtle contrivance used to gain a point

foible

A personal weakness or failing

foreign

Dealing with or relating to other countries; not domestic

forfeit

To lose possession of through failure to fulfill some obligation

grievous

Creating affliction

harbinger

One who or that which forefuns and announces the coming of any person or thing

heinous

Odiously sinful

heresy

An opinion or doctrine subversive of settled beliefs or accepted principles

heterogenous

consisting of dissimilar elements or ingredients of different kinds

iconoclast

An image-breaker

imminent

Dangerous and close at hand

imperialism

a policy of extending a country's power and influence influence through diplomacy or military force

inalienable

Rights that cannot be given or taken away

indigenous

Native

indigenous

Originating and living or occurring naturally in an area or environment

inept

Not fit or suitable

inflation

An increase in the general level of prices people pay for goods and services

insurrection

The state of being in active resistance to authority

interdict

Authoritative act of prohibition

jet stream

a narrow band of strong, westerly wind currents encircling the globe

junta

A council or assembly that deliberates in secret upon the affairs of government

kinship

Patterns and rules of relationship among people who are linked or related through shared descent or through marriage

latitude

the angular distance of a place north or south of the equator

lexicon

A dictionary

longitude

the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian

lowlands

low-lying country

mettle

Courage

migration

Movement from one place to settle in another

misnomer

A name wrongly or mistakenly applied

modicum

A small or token amount

money

A medium of exchange, a good that can be used to buy other goods and services

monomania

The unreasonable pursuit of one idea

monsoon

seasonal prevailing winds

morbid

caused by or denoting a diseased or unsound condition of body or mind

myriad

A vast indefinite number

nadir

The lowest point

navigable

able to be sailed upon by ships or boats

oasis

a fertile spot in a desert where water is found

odious

Hateful

onerous

Burdensome or oppressive

paragon

A model of excellence

Pariah

A member of a degraded class; a social outcast

partisan

Characterized by or exhibiting undue or unreasoning devotion to a party

pass

A lower point that allows easier access through range of hills or mountains

pasture

land covered with grass or other low vegetation that is suitable for the grazing of domesticated animals

pathos

The quality in any form of representation that rouses emotion or sympathy

penchant

A bias in favor of something

pious

Religious

plethora

Excess; superabundance

precarious

Perilous; balancing dangerously

precedent

A judicial decision that may be used as a standard in subsequent similar cases

preclude

To prevent

presage

To foretell

prevalent

Of wide extent or frequent occurance

prodigal

One wasteful or extravagant, especially in the use of money or property

profuse

Produced or displayed in overabundance

pyre

A heap of combustibles arranged for burning a dead body

recant

To withdraw formally one's belief (in something previously believed or maintained)

reciprocity

Equal mutual rights and benefits granted and enjoyed

recluse

One who lives in retirement or seclusion

redress

To set right, as a wrong by compensation or the punishment or the wrong-doer

rescind

To make void, as an act, by the enacting authority or a superior authority

resilience

The power of springing back to a former position

retinue

The group of people who accompany an important person during travels

rural

Areas of low population density

salient

Standing out prominently

sanction

A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule

satiate

To satisfy fully the appetite or desire of

scarcity

The condition wherein demand exceeds supply

sediment

particulate matter that is carried by wind or water and deposited

silt

fine salt, dirt, or clay that is deposited as sediment by a river

stigma

A mark of infamy or token of disgrace attaching to a person as the result of evil-doing

strait

a narrow passage of water connecting to seas or large bodies of water

supplicate

To beg

taxes

Required payments of money made to governments by households and business firms

topography

the arrangement of the natural or artificial physical features of an area

ubiquitous

Being present everywhere

ulterior

Not so pertinent as something else to the matter spoken of

umbrage

A sense of injury

urban

An area characterized as a city or town where the population density is greater than in the surrounding area

verdant

Green with vegetation

vigilante

One who takes or advocates the taking of the law into one's own hands

watershed

An area of land drained by a river and its tributaries

Zeitgeist

The intellectual and moral tendencies that characterize any age or epoch

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