← Crime in America Chapter 7 Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All college academies Schools where students pursue a program that integrates an associate's degree curriculum in law enforcement or criminal justice with the state's required peace officer training. copicide A form of suicide in which a person gets fatally shot after intentionally provoking police officers. discretion The exercise of individual judgment, instead of formal rules, in making decisions. excessive force A measure of coercion beyond that necessary to control participants in a conflict. full enforcement A practice in which the police make an arrest for every violation of law that comes to their attention. "grass eaters" Officers who occasionally engage in illegal and unethical activities, such as accepting small favors, gifts, or money for ignoring violations of the law during the course of their duties. internal affairs investigative unit The police unit that ferrets out illegal and unethical activity engaged in by the police. job stress The harmful physical and emotional outcomes that occur when the requirements of a job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker. "meat eaters" Officers who actively seek ways to make money illegally while on duty. merit system A system of employment whereby an independent civil service commission, in cooperation with the city personnel section and the police department, sets employment qualifications, performance standards, and discipline procedures. police cadet program A program that combines a college education with agency work experience and academy training. Upon graduation, a cadet is promoted to police officer. public safety officers Police department employees who perform many police services but do not have arrest powers. racial profiling The stopping and/or detaining of individuals by law enforcement officers based solely on race. selective enforcement The practice of relying on the judgment of the police leadership and rank-and-file officers to decide which laws to enforce. tech prep (technical preparation) A program in which area community colleges and high schools team up to offer 6 to 9 hours of college law enforcement courses in the eleventh and twelfth grades, as well as one or two training certifications, such as police dispatcher or local corrections officer. Students who graduate are eligible for police employment at age 18 3 I's of police selection Three qualities of the American police officer that seem to be of paramount importance: intelligence, integrity, and interaction skills.