What does the FDA regulate in pet food sales?
Safe & properly labeled food
What does the USDA regulate in pet food sales?
Identification of ingredients
Inspection of canned foods
What does the Federal Trade Commission regulate in pet food sales?
prevents misleading advertising
What does the Association of Animal Feed Control officers (AFFCO) regulate?
Production, labeling & distribution
Uniform pet food regulations & standards for state feed laws
Establishes nutrient profiles
What do the state departments of agriculture regulate?
Product registration & label review
Manufacturing plant inspections
4 things that make individual companies stand out
1. Full time nutritionists
2. Research & development department
3. Own manufacturing plants
4. Quality control standards
4 things required to be on the front label of food products
1. Product identity (manufacturer & brand)
2. Species food is for
3. Net weight
4. Designator (ie: formula, dinner, kibble)
5 things required to be on the back label of food products
1. Nutritional adequacy statement
2. Ingredient list
3. Guaranteed analysis
4. Feeding directions
5. Manufacturer's name/address
What do we look for in an adequacy statement?
-If food is completed & balanced
-How did they determine this (feeding trials, etc)
-Intended life stage food is for
What 4 main components are required in the guaranteed analysis?
1. minimum crude protein
2. minimum crude fat
3. maximum crude fiber
4. maximum moisture
Should you compare foods via the guaranteed analysis (or as fed basis) or by comparison of dry matter?
dry matter or energy basis
What is the 'rule of thumb' to determine dry matter content in canned food? dry food?
canned: label % x 4 = %DM
dry: label % + 10 = %DM
T/F: animal by-products are poor quality parts of meat
usually include non-rendered, clean parts of slaughtered animals other than meat (lungs, spleen, kidneys)
What do by-products not include?
hair, horns, teeth, hoofs
T/F: 'organic' pet foods have specific requirements defined by AAFCO
there are requirements in human products, but not animal products
T/F: 'human-grade' is specifically defined by AAFCO regulations
T/F: 'premium' is specifically defined by AAFCO regulations
T/F: 'holistic' is specifically defined by AAFCO regulations
T/F: 'natural' is specifically defined by AAFCO
this is not defined in human nutrition
What is 'natural' defined as by AAFCO?
products that don't contain any chemically synthesized ingredients (except vitamins & minerals)
T/F: dry food diets must have a preservative