5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a Used to grind grain. In the Middle Ages, this was usually found near a stream which was used to power the device.
- b King of the Franks (French) and Holy Roman emperor. Through a series of military conquests he established the Carolingian Empire, which encompassed all of France and parts of Germany and Italy.
- c Limbo, a way station between heaven and hell where persons could atone for their sins.
- d In the middle ages, a noble who owned and controlled all activities on his manor.
- e Overhanging sections of a castle, which were found at the top of walls or towers. They were also known as murder holes and would be used to drop objects like rocks and boiling oil on enemies.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The term for 'leaving empty'; part of the Medieval 3 field system. A field was left empty in order to allow it to regain nutrients.
- Along with archers, these soldiers came to be favoured by leaders during the later Middle Ages, instead of armies of knights.
- The honour code of the Medieval Knight. Involved protecting your lord, the weak, the church and being honourable towards women.
- The childless and highly religious king of England, prior to Harold Godwinson, whose throne was contested by three leaders.
- Sacred rituals performed by the Catholic church. There are seven: baptism, confirmation, marriage, communion, penance, holy order (that is, becoming a priest), and the last rites (words spoken at the death bed).
5 True/False questions
The Crusades → A series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Western European Christians to reclaim control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
William of Normandy → Also known as 'The Conqueror', this Norman ruler conquered England in the years from 1066.
Indulgences → Selling of forgiveness by the Catholic Church. The remission of sins granted to people by the Catholic church for money. It was common practice when the church needed to raise money.
Guilds → These were an important part of city and town life. They were
exclusive, organisations; (e.g. Merchants and Craftsmen)
created to preserve the rights and privileges of their members.
Stone Keep → Castle made of thick stone, the keep was protected by a palisade, defensive wall, moat and drawbridge