AP Literature Vocabulary Lessons 31-40

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Bastion

stronghold, fortified place, bulwark

Enclave

small territory surrounded on all sides by an entity of which it is not a part

Terra incongnita

unknown land, territory yet unexplored

Pantheon

originally, an ancient Roman temple to all of the gods, now used figuratively for any building or imagined place where the gods or the great heroes of a people are enshrined

Firmament

the sky, especially conceived as a vault arching over the earth

Sepulcher

tomb, burial vault

Repository

any place where things are put for safekeeping or are stored securely

Kiosk

small, open-sided structure, such as a newsstand

Vestibule

small entranceway

Midden

a refuse heap marking the site of a prehistoric settlement

Emissary

one sent to influence opponents politically

Diva

prima donna, a leading female singer in opera

Lapidary

worker or dealer in precious stones

Curator

person who takes care of or supervises something such as a museum, a collection, or a library

Steward

one who manages or supervises household affairs, finances, or property for others, especially, a person employed to oversee food and drink

Choreographer

person who creates dances, one who plans the movements of a dance, especially a ballet

Pedagogue

teacher, often a pedantic or narrow-minded one

Philologist

scholar who studies the structure and evolution of languages as preserved in texts

Milliner

maker or seller of ladies' hats

Ombudsman

public official charged with overseeing the activities of government agencies in order to protect the rights and interests of citizens

Thespian

actor

Entrepreneur

one who assumes the risks and the profits of a business

Heretic

one who believes contrary to his or her church or established belief

Tyro

novice, inexperienced beginner, especially an aggressive or overconfident one

Zealot

one who is excessively dedicated to or zealous for a cause, a fanatic

Altruist

a person who acts unselfishly in the interests of others

Dilettante

a dabbler, a person who follows an interest, especially in the arts, only superficially or as an amusement

Charlatan

one who pretends to have skill or to know more than he does, especially in order to take advantage of others

Ingrate

an ungrateful person

Mendicant

beggar

Sycophant

a self-serving flatterer, one who flatters those in power for his or her own advantage

Paragon

a model of excellence, a person perfect in some way

Nonagenarian

a person between ninety and one hundred years old

Dormant

sleeping, inactive

Sedentary

spending a lot of time sitting, requiring sitting

Somatic

bodily, physical

Palliative

easing the severity of, mitigating, alleviating, extenuating

Egregious

flagrantly bad, outstanding in a negative way

Deciduous

shedding leaves every year

Vernal

pertaining to spring, springlike

Diurnal

relating to a day, daily, happening in a day or during daylight

Sidereal

starry, relating to a star or the stars

Internecine

very destructive of life, deadly to both sides of a conflict

Mundane

of this world, commonplace, humdrum, unexciting

Littoral

having to do with the shore of an ocean or large body of water

Feral

untamed and brutal, savage, like a wild beast

Redolent

fragrant, smelling like and therefore strongly suggestive of something

Unctuous

greasy, oily, too smooth or hypocritically suave in manner

Ostensible

professed, apparent

Hallowed

made or considered sacred, consecrated, venerated as holy

Circumspect

watchful in all directions, wary

Somnolent

sleepy

Limpid

transparent, perfectly clear, not muddied

Turbid

muddied, roiled, cloudy, full of sediment and therefore unclear or confused

Baleful

fatal, harmful, evil

Incendiary

using fire for willful destruction, tending to arouse or inflame to violence or revolt

Propitious

favorable, predicting future good, kindly disposed

Exemplary

serving as a pattern or example, deserving imitation

Magnanimous

noble-minded, extremely generous, especially in overlooking injury

Eclectic

drawing from diverse sources or systems

Noxious

harmful, injurious, unwholesome

Detrimental

causing damage or harm

Sinister

evil, especially in a secret or mysterious way, predicting harm or misfortune

Cynical

tending to doubt the virtue or sincerity of people's actions, inclined to believe the worst about motives and behavior

Impetuous

sudden, rash, not thinking beforehand

Garrulous

talkative, loquacious

Punctillious

very exact in the fine points of conduct, scrupulously observant of proper procedure or ceremony

Astute

difficult to deceive, shrewd

Tangible

capable of being touched, having objective reality and value

Expunge

erase, blot out, delete, obliterate

Accrue

be added as a natural or expected growth or advantage

Slough

shed a skin or covering, cast off as no longer wanted or needed

Obtrude

enter where not invited or welcome

Acquiesce

comply, accept, accede, often reluctantly

Bifurcate

divide into two branches or offshoots, split into two parts

Recoup

get back, make up for a loss

Behoove

be necessary, required, or fitting

Predispose

dispose in advance, create a likelihood, make susceptible

Eradicate

eliminate thoroughly, wipe out, root out, destroy the roots of

Deracinate

uproot, pull up by the roots, destroy totally

Extirpate

pull up by the roots, root out, destroy utterly, annihilate

Requite

give in return, repay

Envisage

imagine, call up in the mind as a picture, visualize

Gallivant

gad about in search of fun and excitement, especially with members of the opposite sex

Placate

soothe the anger of, pacify

Insinuate

suggest subtly, especially something negative

Append

attach as a supplement

Maunder

talk at length in a pointless, incoherent fashion

Curtail

reduce, shorten, cut back

Transgress

commit a sin, break a law, step over a boundary or limit

Obfuscate

make obscure, cloud, confuse

Divulge

reveal, make public

Stipulate

make an express demand or agreementt, set a formal condition

Bete noire

(black beast) a pet hatred, bugbear, something or someone especially disliked or feared

Canaille

(pack of dogs) mob, rabble

Savoir-faire

(to know how to do) a knowing what to do in any circumstances, a knack for always doing the right thing

Raison d'etre

(reason for being) reason for existence, justification

Coup

(blow, stroke) a sudden and successful action, a quick and brilliant maneuver or triumph

Coup d'etat

(a blow of the state) a sudden overthrow or change of a government, especially by force

Coup de grace

(a blow of mercy) a final blow, the finishing stroke to kill a victim and so put him out of his misery

Laissez-faire

(let do, that is, let people do as they please) noninterference, especially a public policy of economic nonregulation

Denouement

(an untying) the unraveling of a plot, the end or outcome of a story

Contretemps

(against the time) a mildly unfortunate event, a mishap, a minor embarrassment or misunderstanding

Idee fixe

(fixed idea) an obsession, a fixed idea, a single notion which dominates a person's thinking

Canard

(a duck) a false story, an absurd lie or rumor, a hoax

En masse

(in a mass) all together, as one, in a body

Ingenue

(ingenuous woman) in plays or films, an innocent young woman, an actress who plays naïve young women

Ambiance

(atmosphere) mood

Faux pas

(false step) a mistake in social manners, a tactless blunder

Precis

(summary) outline, abbreviated version

Manque

(failed, lacking) would-be, unsuccessful or defective, not fulfilling potential

Au courant

(in the current) with it, up-to-date, in the know, well-informed

Soupcon

(suspicion) hint, tiny amount, trace

Rapprochement

(a drawing closer) a reconciliation, a reestablishing of friendly relations

Sobriquet

(nickname) pseudonym

Coterie

(social set) group of people who frequently socialize together, a clique, especially a socially or intellectually exclusive group

Elan

(spirit) ardor, energy, active drive

Eclat

(a sudden burst) dazzling brilliance, success that brings wide acclaim

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