Lord's supper; the communal celebration of Jesus' last supper; early Christian groups met in private homes in the evening to share a common meal called agape or the love feast and to celebrate what became known as the Lord's supper or sacrament of this.
headed the Christian in each city; area of jurisdiction was known as a bishopric or diocese; bishops ruling in Rome, Jerusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch held special powers because these cities were founded by the Apostles
city counselors; forced to pay expenses out of their own pocket when taxes were insufficient; wealthy no longer wanted to hold these positions and some fled country/city; Roman emperors issued edicts which forced them to continue their posts as city counselors
teaching different from official "catholic" or universal beliefs of the church; is Jesus' nature divine or human; doctrinal differences became political issues creating factions that actually warred with one another.
wrote to Constantinople emperor; there were 2 ruling powers; spiritual and temporal with different functions; church is ultimately the higher authority because all men, (and emperors) rely on the church "for the means...of salvation"
major heresy of the 4th century; theory: Jesus had been human and thus not truly God; priest from Alexandria, Egypt; theory defeated/put to rest by Ambrose (on faith)
Visigoth; the existence of military groups, proving to be dangerous to the late empire, was especially evident after (this person) became leader of the Visigoths; opposed/VERY against Rome after they refused his request for $ and food.
when Roman forces are removed, the central authority was also removed from the emperor; Roman emperor; urged Britain to "fend for themselves" when he removed the last legions; sacked Rome 2xs.
Masters of the Soldiers
Germanic ppls were in the midst of creating independent kingdoms, but the real power was in the hands of (them), important military officials; controlled the government and dominated imperial court
vandals, leader of _____; sacked Rome; a master of soldiers?
a type of ice cream...jk :) revival of Platonic thought; pinnacle of 3rd century; one can use reason to perceive one link between the invisible spiritual world and visible material world; christian theologians used (term) concepts to explain doctrines on Jesus, esp. the distinction between human and physical features
grounded in Scripture; based on belief that bishops of Rome occupied a pre-eminent position in the church; bishop of Rome=pope
undertook the conversion of pagan Germans; "apostle of the Germans"; most famous church man in Europe; killed trying to convert the Frisians; brilliant example of numerous English and Irish monks whose tireless efforts made Europe the bastion of the Roman Catholic faith