Chapter 8 Section 2

18 terms by MrEppinger

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The Lower Federal Courts & Federal Judges

District courts

-Federal courts in which trials are held and lawsuits are begun

District courts

-94 district courts, at least one in every state

District courts

-the only federal courts where witnesses testify and juries hear cases and reach verdicts

Original jurisdiction

The authority to hear cases for the first time

Appeals courts

-Review decisions made in lower district courts
-12 US courts of appeal
-do not hold trials

Appellate jurisdiction

The authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court

3 ways to appeal

1. upholding the original decision
2. reversing that decision
3. remanding the case

remanding

Sending the case back to the lower court to be tried again

opinion

Offers a detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind the court's decision

precedent

Gives guidance to other judges by offering a model upon which to base their own decisions on similar cases.

Federal Judges

-Interpret the law and protect the rights the Constitution guarantees

Federal Judges

-650 with at least 2 in every state's district court and 6 to 28 in appeals court; Supreme Court has 9 justices

Tenure

Once appointed by the President, federal judges may have their job for life and only moved through impeachment

Magistrates

-Officials that take care of a judge's routine work: issue court orders, hear preliminary evidence to determine if a case should go to trial, determine whether arrested people should be held in jail or released on bail, hear minor cases

U.S. Attorneys

-Government lawyers who prosecute people accused of breaking federal laws; look into complaints of crime, prepare formal charges, and present evidence in court

U.S. Attorneys

-duty to represent the United States in civil cases in which the government is involved

U.S. Attorneys

-appointed to 4 year terms by the President

U.S. Marshals

Make arrests, collect fines, and take convicted person to prison; protect jurors, keep order in federal courts, and serve legal papers(subpoenas)

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