# OGT Vocab Weeks 6

## 22 terms

### Scientific Notation

A method of expressing numbers in terms of a decimal number between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of 10.

### Segment

a finite section of a line

### Similarity

a figure in which corresponding angles are equal and whose sides are of equal ratio to one another

### Slope

the ratio of the change of the rise of a line compared to the change in run of a function

### Sphere

a solid geometric figure generated by the revolution of a semicircle about its diameter

### Square

a rectangle having all four sides of equal length

### Straight

without a bend, angle, or curve; direct

### Substitution

to take the place of; replace

### Sum

a series of number or quantities to be added up

### Symmetry

the correspondence in size, form, and arrangement of parts on opposite sides of a plane, line, or point

### Theoretical

existing only in theory; hypothetical

### Total

of or pertaining to the whole of something

### Transformation

The process in which one geometric figure is manipulated by either rotation, translation, or dilation in order to come up with a separate geometric figure.

### Translate

to change the form condition, nature of an object.

### Trapezoid

a quadrilateral plane figure having two parallel and two nonparallel sides.

### Triangle

a closed plane figure having three sides and three angles

### Variable

a quantity or function that may assume any given value or set of values

### Variation

the act, process, or accident of varying in condition, character, or degree

### Vertex

the intersection of two sides of a plane figure

### Vertical

being in a position or direction perpendicular to the plane of the horizon

### Volume

the amount of space, measured in cubic units, that an object or substance occupies

### Zeros of a Function

the point in which a graph crosses the x-axis; the solution to an equation.