The orders of mammals

22 terms by chrisnancarrow 

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The features that distinguish across the eight orders of mammals. Also included are animal adaptations.

Marsupial

Mammals that have a pouch for rearing young.

Monotremes

The only mammals to lay eggs.

Ungulata

The only mammals to have hooves.

Cetacea

The only mammals to have a blow-hole specifically designed to inhale large quantities of air.

Chiroptera

The only mammals to have forelimbs modified as wings for sustained flight

Carnivora

These mammals have canines designed for tearing meat.

Rodentia

Mammals that have incisors that continually grow.

Primates

The only mammals to have a pair of opposing thumbs, curled fingers & fingernails.

Kangaroos, wallabies & wombats.

Examples of marsupials

Sheep, goats, cows & Llamas

Examples of ungulates

Echidnas & Platypus

Examples of monotremes

Bats

Examples of chiroptera

Humans, chimpanzees & apes

Examples of primates

Wolves, bears & tigers

Examples of carnivora

Rats, mice & capybaras

Examples of Rodentia

Whales

Examples of Cetacea

Structural adaptation

These are physical characteristics such as body coverings, teeth and physical movements that help an animal to survive.

Behavioural adaptation

These are activities such as social behaviours that help animals to survive.

Mimicry

A special form of adaptation where one animal looks or sounds like another animal to fool predators into thinking its poisonour or dangerous

Protective colouration

An adaptation where animals coat colouration and patterns blend in with the surrounding environment.

Migration

An adaptation where animals travel to other regions for a variety of reasons.

Hibernation

Animals that go into a long sleep to slow metabolism and conserve energy.

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