Desensitization Imagination Phase:
Desensitization Imagination Phase: Using the SUDS (Subjective Units of Distress Scale) scale, clients rate anxiety from 0 to 100 being the most anxiety. ".
"Real Life" where the client tries to experience real life situation on the hierarchy which is popular for "Behavioral Sex Therapy".
client learns what assertive vs. non-assertive vs. aggressive behavior in interpersonal relationships
the client is exposed to an unpleasant stimulus while engaging in the targeted behavior, the goal being to create an aversion to unpleasant stimulus.
Flooding or Implosive Therapy:
Deliberate Exposure with response prevention for 40-60 minutes
Analytic Psychology (Jung
We all have collective unconscious mind filled with archetypes which are universal symbols with universal meaning for all people.
Personal Unconscious of repressed materials
Social mask hiding feelings
Human psyche consist of persona
male & female, characteristics — Animus and Anima
Personality is androgynous meaning there are two sides to every personality:
Anima—the feminine side Animus—the masculine side personality
The personality continuously changes.
He is the father of individuation which is the driving force for every individual to reach their full potential.
Alferd Adler--Emphasizes social factors
Striving for superiority are the major sources of motivation in humans-not sexual being, inferiority complex, birth order, Lifestyle is a self fulling prophesy based on how we think of ourselves
Jean Piaget Cognitive Development (Epistemology)
nature of knowledge Assimilation learns from existing theme
Accommodation incorporates new information
Occur Simultaneously goaling to balance the two
Sensory motor stage:
0-2 years—sucks, grabs due to reflex, object permanence stage
: 2-7 years—ego centric, symbolic schema
Concrete Operational Stage
: 7-12 manipulates objects mentally, counts and conserves
Formal Operational Stages:
12 years and above—abstract and hypothetical reasoning, experimentation of problem solving--math
Kolberg's moral stages (preconventional)
: Obedience and Punishment Orientation
: Good Interpersonal Relationships
Social Contract and Individual Rights
Should Heinz have broken into the laboratory to steal the drug for his wife after failing to obtain it legally?
Erick Rrikson (Maturationist--genetically determined
Trust vs. Mistrust; Autonomy vs. shame and doubt; Initiative vs. guilt; Industry vs. inferiority; Identity vs. roles confusion; intimacy vx. isolation; Generativity vs. stagnation; Intergrity vs.despair
Freud wrote "Group Psychology"
Sucking, trends future relationships
Toilet training, anal retentive character
Interest in genitallia, Oedipus complex--involves the child's unconscious desire to posses the opposite sexed parent and to eliminate the same sexed one.
Sexual urges are repressed
Puberty, interested in others
Freud wrote: Interpretation of dreams, He is the father of dream analysis
Dreams have two parts: manifest content and latent content
Which is the dream itself
Which is the dream interpretation/unconscious symbol.
Dream interpretation is the process
In which the process in which laten is derived from manifest content. Drean work is making the latent known.
Freud's Ego Defense Mechanisms
Keeping the ego from being overwhelmed by distorting reality unconsciously
traumatic memory block
replace an anxiety producing impulse with it's opposite--thief becomes police officer
reverting back to a secure age and place in time
give excuse for negative behavior to be more socially excepted
Blaming someone else
taking feelings out on a safer place—mad at boss—yell at wife
unacceptable urge channeled into an expectable manner "boxing bag"
Freud's Therapy is to give insight to unconscious motivation
REsistance is when one is unwilling to deal with it.
when patient reacts to therapist as they would resound to someone in the past
Counter Transference is
when the therapist reacts on unresolved issues
Maternal stimulations Monkey study FAP—fixed action pattern
Imprinting—now or never learn it when child Young ducks—first thing they see they call mom
Birth order and bonding
Poor bonding leads
Excel, scholarly, conservative
do not feel close to their peer but high self esteem
Harry Stack Sullivan
Dynamic Cultural school Analysis
is non separate from environment
dog barks then it rain then dog caused the rain
is logical thinking
Mother infant study
2 months to age 3 separation, differentiation, individuation in order to develop own ID called the psychological birth
Altrnate feeling of closeness and the need for independence
F.H. Allport--Social Facilitations
Which means the presents of others improve individual performance, competition improves behavior.
Bogardus Social Distance scale
Rate an individual in regard to their feelings about ethnic groups
Bogardus-Cross Cultural Counseling
with different social/cultural background
is to build rapport with a person from different cultures and trust them
values, beliefs, attitudes, and customs of a group setting them apart
Frank Parsons--Father of Vocational Guidance
First cross culture counselor
physical and psychological needs are the same around the world.
Parsons- Ecological culture
people at equator can't dress like north pole people--location impacts behavior.
Leon Festinger--Cognitive dissonance theory
stress that is felt when person has conflicting beliefs
is a person who conform to people or new ideas
Elizabeth Kubler Foss
Stages of grief
Kubler Ross Counseling helps reach acceptance
denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
Cross Cultural Counseling--Emic viewpoint
When counsleor knows the clients culture
Etic view point
Sees people as more the same and treats them alike
Changes self to deal with environment
tries to change the envionment
50% of divorces report hostility
Cross culture counseling
Asians are hard core sciences
but rarely social sciences and are less likely to secure therapy than any other group
Social psychology is the
Study of how though, emotions and behaviors are influenced by the presence of others
Intro to Social Psych: William McDougall which is the father of Hormic Psychology
"Individuals are driven by innate, inherited tendencies"