Ch 12: Prophets of the Northern Kingdom

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What is a prophet?

Chosen by God
Predicts the future BUT! not in the OT
Speaks on God's behalf

Where did "prophet" come from?

Hebrew word "Nabi"

What does nabi mean?

one who has been called to be a speaker

What are the two kinds of prophets?

writing and non-writing

What are their differences?

Prophecies of writing prophets were preserved in written form and compiled in self-titled books

What are their similarities?

They perform the same role

How many writing prophets are there?

16

What are the divisions of the writing and non-writing prophets?

Major and Minor

What are their differences?

Major prophets have more records about them in the Bible

Who are the Major prophets?

Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
Daniel

How many Minor prophets are there?

12

Where is Amos from?

Tekoa, Judah

When was he called by God?

Mid-seventh century BC

Where was he called to preach?

Israel

What was his work?

Dresser of sycamores
Shepherd

What is his title?

Prophet of Social Justice

When did he prophesy?

Second half of Jeroboam II's long reign

What societal problems were there?

Wide gap between rich and poor
Selling poor into slavery
Plunder (By women of Samaria)
Merchants cheated the poor with false measurments
Pagan religion (ie. festival in Bethel)

Where did Hosea prophesy?

Northern Kingdom, like amos

Where did he come from?

Israel

At what period of time did he prophesy?

Last part of Jeroboam II's political career- Jeroboam II's death

What's his signature analogy?

Marriage and Courtship- - - God loved the people of Israel like a husband would love his spouse

Who did he marry?

Gomer

What was she?

Harlot (Prostitute)

How many children did they have?

3

What bad thing did Gomer do?

She left Hosea to come back to her past lovers

What did Hosea do?

He took back all his gifts to Gomer

How did people allow pagan culture into their religion?

In the temple of Bethel, they represented God as a bull, similar to that of the Canaanite Baal's calf

What is Hosea also called?

Prophet of Love

When did Isaiah receive God's call?

742 BC

What happened in 742 BC?

King Uzziah died

How was Isaiah called?

While attending a liturgical celebration in the temple, Isaiah saw a vision of God on a lofty throne, clothed majestically, and surrounded by seraphim

How many wings do seraphim have?

6

What was Isaiah's reaction?

He reflected on his imperfections

How was he symbolically cleansed from all his sin?

a seraphim took a coal from the altar and cleansed his lips

For how many years did Isaiah proclaim God's word?

40

He lived through whose reign?

Jotham, ahaz, and Hezekiah

When did he die?

Rule of King Manasseh

The book of Isaiah has how many chapters?

66

What are the highlights of Isaiah's preaching during Jotham's time?

Call to Conversion
Heeding God means a good life while refusal means disaster.
Immanuel Prophecy

Tiglath Pilaser III of Assyria wanted what places as vessels of his empire?

Damascus (Syria), Samaria (Israel), Jerusalem (Judah)

Who created the Anti-Assyrian alliance?

Kings of Syria and Israel

What did the anti-assyrian alliance declare war on Judah?

So Ahaz will be forced to side with them

What unwanted sign did Isaiah give to Ahaz?

Immanuel Prophecy

What does immanuel mean?

God with us

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