5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- False dilemma
- Family #4: Disprove
- Primary Objective #1
- What is the biggest reason students miss questions?
- General lack of relevant evidence for the conclusion
- a assumes that only 2 courses of action are available when there may be others. \n
- b They h ave failed to fully and accurately identify the conclusion of the argument. If a conclusion is present, you MUST identify it prior to proceeding on to the question stem.
- c Stimulus (accepted) --/-> answer choices (affected or determined) cannot be true.
- d authors misuses info to such a degree that they fail to provide any info to support their conclusion or they provide info that is irrelevant to their conclusion. \n
- e Determine whether the stimulus contains an argument or if it is only a set of factual statements. MUST recognize whether a conclusion is present.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Weaken, attack, undermine, refute, argue against, call into question, cast doubt, challenge, damage, counter, When evaluating answers ask yourself: "Would this answer choice make the author reconsider his position or force the author to respond?"
- If all 5 answer choices appear to be "losers", return to the stimulus and re-evaluate the argument.
- thus, therefore, hence, consequently, as a result, so, accordingly, clearly, must be that, shows that, conclude that, follows that, for this reason.
- They can be in the premises or conclusion. If they are in the conclusion the argument is flawed. Classic mistaken cause and effect reasoning refers to occurences when a causal assertion is made in the conclusion or the conclusion presumes a causal relationship.
- To weaken a conditional conclusion, attack the necessary condition by showing that the necessary condition does not need to occur in order for the sufficient condition to occur. With a combo of a conditional reasoning stimulus and a weaken question, immediately look for an answer that attacks the necessary conclusion.
5 True/False Questions
Family #1: Prove → Stimulus (accepted) ----> Answer Choices (affected or determined) AKA: must be or prove family must be true, main point, point at issue, method of reasoning, flaw in the reasoning, parallel reasoning.
LSAT Conclusion trick for Method AP questions → They often feature 2 conclusions (main and sub.), when the main conclusion is typically place in the first or second sentence and the last sentence contains the sub. conclusion. The sub. conclusion is set off by conclusion indicators while the main conclusion is not. USE CONCLUSION ID METHOD.\n
Primary Objective #5 → If all 5 answer choices appear to be "losers", return to the stimulus and re-evaluate the argument.
2 speaker questions → First Family The correct answer choice will be a rephrasing of the main conclusion of the argument. The conclusion is either in the middle or beginning of the stimulus. The correct answer choice must not only be true it also must summarize the author's main point.
Primary Objective #7 → If the stimulus contains an argument, identify the conclusion. If the stimulus contains a fact set, examine each fact.