Greek Myth 2
|Artemis Bio|| -Goddess of uncultured earth and wilderness |
-Twin of Apollo
-Cult sites Delos, Ephesos, Brauron
|Niobe||Refuses to worship Leto and she kills her three guys and two of three girls and then turns Niobe to stone|
|Acteon||The hunter that caught Artemis bathing and she killed him|
|Callisto||A nymph Zeus wanted to get with her so he turned himself into Artemis and rapes her and impregnates her. She is then turned into bear by Hera and is killed by her son later in life.|
|Orion||born from Hyrie wanting a son but not a wife so Zeus creates him. Later the son trys to rape Artemis and is killed by a scorpion.|
|Delphi||Led the first priests of Delphi|
|The Pythia||They are Apollo's Priestesses|
|Hyacinthus||Killed by Apollo throwing a diskus at him|
|Cypariss||A boy that loved his pet deer and when it died, he passed away to in a state of grief and is transformed into a cypress tree|
|Coronis||Lover of Apollo that slept around and he killed her not knowing that she was pregnant with his child Chiron|
|Asklepios Bio|| -god of hearth and home|
-symbols: Snakes, snake entwined rod
-son of Apollo and Coronis
-Important cult sites: Epidauros Athens, Kos
|Hippocrates||A famous Greek physician|
|two snakes symbol vs. one snake symbol|| -two snakes is Hermes|
-one snake is Asklepius
|Marsyas||loses and is filleted alive|
|Pan||loses to Apollo and Midas says Apollo didnt win so Midas is given ass ears|
|Hermes Bio|| -messenger of the gods|
-Symbols: winged sandals, cap
-son of Zeus and Maia
|Hermes stealing Apollo's cattle||after there fight was resolved, one is given and lyre and the other is given a staff|
|Hermaphroditus|| son of Hermes and Aphrodite|
- Salmacis loves him and begs to never be separated so Aphrodite combines them into one person
|Dionysos Bio|| - God of vegetation |
-Symbols: grapes, ivy, thyrosos, panther, and theatre
-Son of Zeus and Semele
-Important Cult Sites:Theses, Athens, Alexandrio
-Followers: Maenads/Bacchae, woodland creature
|Semele||One of Zeus' lovers that was tricked by Hera to have sex with him in his true form and burned her alive. However, he saves the child Dionysos|
|Dionysos|| Followers include:|
|Demeter's Bio|| -Goddess of agriculture and the fertile soil|
-Symbols: Grain, Torch, Poppy
-Important Cult Sites: Eleusis
-Mother of Persephone
|Story of Persephone||Demeter's daughter is kidnapped by Hades and Demeter demands her return but her daughter eats the seed of a pomegranate given to her by Hades so she is forced to live with him some of the time and with her mother some of the time creating the change of seasons.|
|Hades Bio|| Symbols: cerberus,helmet of darkness|
-brother of original olympians
Epithets: host of many, Pluton, Unseen One
Purpose: not to let anyone out
|Geography of Underworld|| Plains of asphodel: where most of the dead went|
Elsyium/Isles of Blessed: a heaven like place
Tartarus/Erebus: place for great sinners
|Rivers of Underworld|| -Hate also called styx|
|Cerberus||Guardian of the Underworld and offspring of Echidna|
|The Furies||pursue people who commit blood guilt|
|Hecate||Lives in the underworld (not Persephone)|
|Ixion||first one to commit crime of blood guilt. |
Promises daughter to another man. Kills father in law and is invited to olympus
Attempts to sleep with Hera but zeus gives him another chance and creates a fake hera and the fake hera gives birth to centaurs.
He is now strapped to a wheel and is grilled in a fire in tartarus.
|Sisyphus||kills merchants and takes there money and violates the guest host relationship.|
Zeus sends death who takes him to the underworld and ties him up to these chains.
He decieves death and chains up death and escapes back to the world of the living.
Ares gets upset bc no one can die in the war because death is chained up.
He unchains him and captures him.
He is brought to the underworld and convinces persephone to let him have one final talk with his wife.
He is again captured by death and he is stuck pushing a boulder up a hill that always falls down.
|Tityus|| His mother died and GE had to give birth to him|
Hera tries to get him to rape Leto
He fails and is condemned to Tartarus to have his liver eaten out from his body everyday.
|Dainids||49 daughters of Danaus|
He has a twin brother who has 49 sons.
Danaus agrees to allow his daughters to marry the 49 brothers for political reasons.
He wants his daughters to murder the future husbands on there wedding nights.
They are condemned to Tartarus and have to fill a vessle for the rest of time.
|Tantalus||Invited to olympus and as a offering to the gods cooks his son and turns him into a stew.|
Demeter is the only one not knowing what is going on and eats th sons shoulder
Pelops is brought back to life by zeus ordering the fates too.
He is put into a pool of water witha tree holding a food that only allows him to have a enough to survive and then pulls away from him.
|Orpheus||on the day of there mairage Eurydice is bitten by a snake and dies.|
He travels to the underworld to beg for his wifes life and charms Hades, Persephone, and Hermes with his lyre.
They are allowed to leave and go back to the world of the living as long as he doesnt look back.
He looked back and she is taken back to the underworld by Hermes.
|Apollo's Bio|| -God of the Sun, Light, Truth, Medicine, Music and the Arts|
-Son of Zeus and Leto
|Cassandra|| Apollo met her working in a temple. Wanted her to kiss him so he gave her the gift of prophesies.|
She then found out that he would help destroy Troy and spit in his face. She was then cursed that no one would ever believe her prophesy
|Daphne||Apollo made fun of Eros and Eros forced Apollo to fall in love with her. However, Eros forced her to resist his love for her. she was eventually turned into a flower.|
|Pan's Bio|| - god of shepherds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music|
-symbols: pan pipes
-son of hermes and daughter of Dryopos
|Narcissus||Fell in love with his reflection and killed himself|
|Hippolytus||Son of Theseus that swears a life of chastity. Aphrodite hates this and forces his mother in law "Pheadra" to fall in love with him. She then commits suicide because everyone finds out. Theseus thinks his son raped her and curses him to death. However, Artemis tells Theseus what really happened and the son forgives him with his dieing breath.|
|The Bacchae||Dionysos is not worshiped in Thebes because of king Pentheus believing he is not a real god, thinking his mother semele lied about having sex with zeus. Dionysos tricks him into coming to one of the rituals and has his own mother kill him. His mother is then banished and his grandparents are turned into snakes.|