From the Greek for "good speech," these are a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept.
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
The major category into which a literary work fits. The basic divisions of literature are prose, poetry, and drama.
This term literally means "sermon," but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement.
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions.
An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
The contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant; the difference between what appears to be and what actually is true.
In this type of irony, the words literally state the opposite of the writer's true meaning.
In this type of irony, events turn out the opposite of what was expected.
In this type of irony, facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or a piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work.
Placing dissimilar items, descriptions, or ideas close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast.
A type of sentence in which the main idea comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses.
A figure of speech using comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity.
From the Greek meaning "changed label" or "substitute name." A figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it.
Grammatical- deals with beryl units and the speaker's attitude.
Literary-the prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work.
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words. Simple examples include such words as buzz, hiss, hum.
From the Greek for "pointedly foolish," a figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest a paradox.
ex: "jumbo shrimp" and "cruel kindness"