complete defense against the tort of defamation, as in the speeches of members of Congress on the floor and witnesses in a trial.
negligence of the plaintiff that contributes to injury and at common law bars from recovery from the defendant although the defendant may have been more negligent than the plaintiff.
intentional detention of a person without that person's consent; called the shopkeeper's tort when shoplifters are unlawfully detained.
intentional infliction of emotional distress
tort that produces mental anguish caused by conduct that exceeds all bounds of decency.
when services are not properly rendered in accordance with commonly accepted standards; negligence by a professional in performing his or her skill.
failure to exercise due care under the circumstances in consequence of which harm is proximately caused to one to whom the defendant owed a duty to exercise due care.
media privilege to print inaccurate information without liability for defamation, so long as a retraction is printed and there was no malice.
right of a store owner to detain a suspected shoplifter based on reasonable cause and for a reasonable time without resulting liability for false imprisonment.
civil wrong for which there is absolute liability because of the inherent danger in the underlying activity, for example, the use of explosives.