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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Henry Morton Stanley
  2. Sokoto Caliphate
  3. Emilio Aguinaldo
  4. Panama Canal
  5. Suez Canal
  1. a Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
  2. b A large Muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria. Founded by Usuman dan Fodio, who wanted to reform Muslim practices, and created from the Hausa states. Became centers of Islamic learning and reform, and sold many captives into the slave trade.
  3. c Ship canal cut across the isthmus of a Latin American country by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1914. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to the host Latin American country on January 1, 2000.
  4. d (1841-1904) British-American explorer of Africa, famous for his expeditions in search of Dr. David Livingstone. He helped King Leopold II establish the Congo Free State.
  5. e (1869-1964) Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed because the United States bought the Philippines from Spain and put a stop to the revolution. He was captured by the United States Army in 1901.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.
  2. (r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal
  3. Economic dominance of a weaker country by a more powerful one, while maintaining the legal independence of the weaker state. In the late nineteenth century, it characterized the relations between the Latin American republics, on the one hand, and Great Britain and the United States, on the other.
  4. Revolutionaries who wanted to abolish all private property and governments, usually by violence, and replace them with free associations of groups.
  5. Dutch and French settlers who occupied farms and ranches in the hinterland of the Cape Colony. Despite their European origins, these people thought of themselves as permanent residents of Africa.Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910, imposing a system of racial segregation called apartheid after 1949.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Victorian AgeThe reign of Queen Victoria of Great Britain (r. 1837-1901). The term is also used to describe late 19th century society, with its rigid moral standards and sharply differentiated roles for men and women and for middle-class and working-class people.

          

  2. Thomas Edison(r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal

          

  3. Meiji RestorationThe political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.

          

  4. Sepoy RebellionThe political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.

          

  5. Railroads(1818 - 1883) German journalist and philosopher, founder of a certain branch of socialism. He is known for his two books: Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848) and Das Kapital (Vols. 1-III, 1867 - 1894). Spent most of his life in England and collaborated with another socialist, Friedrich Engels. They combined German philosophy, French revolutionary ideas, and knowledge of British industrial conditions for a call to socialism and communism.

          

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