5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Suez Canal
- Cecil Rhodes
- Shaka Zulu
- a (1853-1902) British entrepreneur and politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. Founded the De Beers Consolidated, a company that has dominated the world's diamond trade ever since he dominated the Kimberly diamond fields. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him.
- b Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
- c (r. 1818-1828) An upstart military genius who created a powerful African kingdom in 1818 when a serious drought hit the region. Introduced strict military drill and close-combat tactics. Expanded his kingdom by raiding his African neighbors. Although he survived for little more than a decade, he succeeded in creating a new national identity as well as a new kingdom.
- d (r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal
- e A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
5 Multiple choice questions
- One of the leaders of the Meiji Restoration. He believed that to be independent, Japan had to define a "sphere of influence" that included Korea, Manchuria, and part of China. He insisted Japan must sustain a vigorous program of military industrialization, culminating in the building of battleships.
- Africans rescued by Britain's Royal Navy from the illegal slave trade of the 19th century and restored to free status.
- Networks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. The first ______ were built in England in the 1830s. Their success caused a railroad-building boom throughout the world that lasted well into the 20th century.
- (1807-1882) Italian nationalist and revolutionary who conquered Sicily and Naples and added them to a unified Italy in 1860.
- (1884-1885) Meeting that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.
5 True/False questions
Afrikaners → An elaborate display of political power and wealth in British Indian in the 19th century, ostensibly in imitation of the pageantry of the Mughal Empire. When Queen Victoria was proclaimed "Empress of India" in 1877 and periodically thereafter, the viceroys put on these great pageants.
Modernization → A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Otto von Bismarck → (1815-1898) A brilliant and authoritarian aristocrat, and chancellor (prime minister) of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist who was determined to use Prussian industry and German nationalism to make his state the dominant power in Germany, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire in 1871.
Emmeline Pankhurst → The leader of the British women's suffrage movement. She frequently called attention to her cause by breaking the law to protect discrimination against women.
Henry Morton Stanley → Exports from Africa in the 19th century that did not include the newly outlawed slave trade. An example is palm oil.