5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Otto von Bismarck
- Henry Morton Stanley
- Thomas Edison
- a Revolutionaries who wanted to abolish all private property and governments, usually by violence, and replace them with free associations of groups.
- b (1815-1898) A brilliant and authoritarian aristocrat, and chancellor (prime minister) of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist who was determined to use Prussian industry and German nationalism to make his state the dominant power in Germany, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire in 1871.
- c (r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal
- d American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb (in 1879 in the US), acoustic recording on was cylinders, and motion pictures.
- e (1841-1904) British-American explorer of Africa, famous for his expeditions in search of Dr. David Livingstone. He helped King Leopold II establish the Congo Free State.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A form of iron that is both durable and flexible. It was first mass-produced in the 1860s and quickly became the most widely used metal in construction, machinery, and railroad equipment.
- The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against scertain practices that violated religious customs; It was more than a simple mutiny, because it involved more than soldiers, but it was not yet a nationalist revolution, for the rebelt had little sense of a common Indian national identity.
- The indigenous population of New Zealand who practiced hunting, fishing, and simple forms of agriculture, which their Polynesian ancestors had introduced around 1200. Were very vulnerable to unfamiliar diseases brought by the British and died very quickly - quickly outnumbered and dominated by the British settler population.
- A large Muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria. Founded by Usuman dan Fodio, who wanted to reform Muslim practices, and created from the Hausa states. Became centers of Islamic learning and reform, and sold many captives into the slave trade.
- (r. 1818-1828) An upstart military genius who created a powerful African kingdom in 1818 when a serious drought hit the region. Introduced strict military drill and close-combat tactics. Expanded his kingdom by raiding his African neighbors. Although he survived for little more than a decade, he succeeded in creating a new national identity as well as a new kingdom.
5 True/False questions
Karl Marx → Networks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. The first ______ were built in England in the 1830s. Their success caused a railroad-building boom throughout the world that lasted well into the 20th century.
Yamagata Aritomo → One of the leaders of the Meiji Restoration. He believed that to be independent, Japan had to define a "sphere of influence" that included Korea, Manchuria, and part of China. He insisted Japan must sustain a vigorous program of military industrialization, culminating in the building of battleships.
Menelik → (1844-1911) Emperor of Ethiopia (r. 1889-1911). He enlarged Ethiopia to its present dimensions and defeated an Italian invasion at Adowa (1896). He bought modern weapons and trained Ethiopians to use these weapons.
Free-trade imperialism → 19th century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have clearly differentiated roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
Railroads → (1818 - 1883) German journalist and philosopher, founder of a certain branch of socialism. He is known for his two books: Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848) and Das Kapital (Vols. 1-III, 1867 - 1894). Spent most of his life in England and collaborated with another socialist, Friedrich Engels. They combined German philosophy, French revolutionary ideas, and knowledge of British industrial conditions for a call to socialism and communism.