5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Sepoy Rebellion
- Sokoto Caliphate
- Yamagata Aritomo
- Muhammad Ali
- a A large Muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria. Founded by Usuman dan Fodio, who wanted to reform Muslim practices, and created from the Hausa states. Became centers of Islamic learning and reform, and sold many captives into the slave trade.
- b An elaborate display of political power and wealth in British Indian in the 19th century, ostensibly in imitation of the pageantry of the Mughal Empire. When Queen Victoria was proclaimed "Empress of India" in 1877 and periodically thereafter, the viceroys put on these great pageants.
- c One of the leaders of the Meiji Restoration. He believed that to be independent, Japan had to define a "sphere of influence" that included Korea, Manchuria, and part of China. He insisted Japan must sustain a vigorous program of military industrialization, culminating in the building of battleships.
- d The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against scertain practices that violated religious customs; It was more than a simple mutiny, because it involved more than soldiers, but it was not yet a nationalist revolution, for the rebelt had little sense of a common Indian national identity.
- e (r. 1805-1849) Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early 19th century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor but had imperial ambitions. His descendants ruled Egypt until overthrown in 1952. He was the successor to Napoleon's rule, headed the strongest state in the Islamic world, and was the first to employ Western methods and technology.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Ship canal cut across the isthmus of a Latin American country by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1914. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to the host Latin American country on January 1, 2000.
- British victory over the Mahdi in the Sudan in 1898. General Kitchener led a mixed force of British and Egyptian troops armed with rapid-firing rifles and machine guns, new and powerful tools of the imperialists.
- A form of iron that is both durable and flexible. It was first mass-produced in the 1860s and quickly became the most widely used metal in construction, machinery, and railroad equipment.
- The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.
- Economic dominance of a weaker country by a more powerful one, while maintaining the legal independence of the weaker state. In the late nineteenth century, it characterized the relations between the Latin American republics, on the one hand, and Great Britain and the United States, on the other.
5 True/False Questions
Thomas Edison → American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb (in 1879 in the US), acoustic recording on was cylinders, and motion pictures.
Shaka Zulu → (r. 1818-1828) An upstart military genius who created a powerful African kingdom in 1818 when a serious drought hit the region. Introduced strict military drill and close-combat tactics. Expanded his kingdom by raiding his African neighbors. Although he survived for little more than a decade, he succeeded in creating a new national identity as well as a new kingdom.
Liberalism → A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
Matthew Perry → (1772-1833) A Western-educated Bengali froma Brahmin family, a successful administrator for the East India Company, and a student of comparative religion. His Brahmo Samaj (divine society), founded in 1828, attracted Indians who sought to reconcile the values of the West with the religious traditions of India.
Emmeline Pankhurst → Dutch and French settlers who occupied farms and ranches in the hinterland of the Cape Colony. Despite their European origins, these people thought of themselves as permanent residents of Africa.Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910, imposing a system of racial segregation called apartheid after 1949.