5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Meiji Restoration
- British raj
- Berlin Conference
- a (r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal
- b (1844-1911) Emperor of Ethiopia (r. 1889-1911). He enlarged Ethiopia to its present dimensions and defeated an Italian invasion at Adowa (1896). He bought modern weapons and trained Ethiopians to use these weapons.
- c (1884-1885) Meeting that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.
- d The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.
- e The rule over much of South Asia between 1765 and 1947 by the East India Company and then by a British government. Its goal was to create a powerful and efficient system of government, backed by military power.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Revolutionaries who wanted to abolish all private property and governments, usually by violence, and replace them with free associations of groups.
- Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
- Economic dominance of a weaker country by a more powerful one, while maintaining the legal independence of the weaker state. In the late nineteenth century, it characterized the relations between the Latin American republics, on the one hand, and Great Britain and the United States, on the other.
- A form of iron that is both durable and flexible. It was first mass-produced in the 1860s and quickly became the most widely used metal in construction, machinery, and railroad equipment.
- (1772-1833) A Western-educated Bengali froma Brahmin family, a successful administrator for the East India Company, and a student of comparative religion. His Brahmo Samaj (divine society), founded in 1828, attracted Indians who sought to reconcile the values of the West with the religious traditions of India.
5 True/False Questions
Seperate spheres → 19th century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have clearly differentiated roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
Shaka Zulu → (r. 1818-1828) An upstart military genius who created a powerful African kingdom in 1818 when a serious drought hit the region. Introduced strict military drill and close-combat tactics. Expanded his kingdom by raiding his African neighbors. Although he survived for little more than a decade, he succeeded in creating a new national identity as well as a new kingdom.
Maori → The indigenous population of New Zealand who practiced hunting, fishing, and simple forms of agriculture, which their Polynesian ancestors had introduced around 1200. Were very vulnerable to unfamiliar diseases brought by the British and died very quickly - quickly outnumbered and dominated by the British settler population.
Thomas Edison → (ca. 1830-1905) A trader from Zanzibar who created the largest personal empire, along the upper Congo River. He was described by European explorers as "a picture of energy and strength", "A remarkable man", etc. He offered the explorers gracious hospitality during their visit. He also composed a detailed memoir of his adventures in the heart of Africa, written in the Swahili language of the coast. He mocked the African people's lack of knowledge of technology.
Nawab → The indigenous population of New Zealand who practiced hunting, fishing, and simple forms of agriculture, which their Polynesian ancestors had introduced around 1200. Were very vulnerable to unfamiliar diseases brought by the British and died very quickly - quickly outnumbered and dominated by the British settler population.