5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Otto von Bismarck
- Suez Canal
- a (1815-1898) A brilliant and authoritarian aristocrat, and chancellor (prime minister) of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist who was determined to use Prussian industry and German nationalism to make his state the dominant power in Germany, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire in 1871.
- b The process of reforming political, military, economic, social, and cultural traditions in imitation of the early success of Western societies, often with regard for accommodating local traditions in non-Western societies. Ethiopia and Egypt underwent this process in the very early 1800's.
- c Networks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. The first ______ were built in England in the 1830s. Their success caused a railroad-building boom throughout the world that lasted well into the 20th century.
- d (r. 1863-1879) Muhammad Ali's grandson, placed even more emphasis on westernizing Egypt. During his reign, he increased the number of European advisers to Egypt, Egypt's debts to French and British banks. revenues increased thirtyfold and exports doubled. Also responsible for the building of the Suez Canal
- e Ship canal dug across an isthmus in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882.
5 Multiple choice questions
- An elaborate display of political power and wealth in British Indian in the 19th century, ostensibly in imitation of the pageantry of the Mughal Empire. When Queen Victoria was proclaimed "Empress of India" in 1877 and periodically thereafter, the viceroys put on these great pageants.
- A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.
- The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against scertain practices that violated religious customs; It was more than a simple mutiny, because it involved more than soldiers, but it was not yet a nationalist revolution, for the rebelt had little sense of a common Indian national identity.
- Exports from Africa in the 19th century that did not include the newly outlawed slave trade. An example is palm oil.
- (1818 - 1883) German journalist and philosopher, founder of a certain branch of socialism. He is known for his two books: Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848) and Das Kapital (Vols. 1-III, 1867 - 1894). Spent most of his life in England and collaborated with another socialist, Friedrich Engels. They combined German philosophy, French revolutionary ideas, and knowledge of British industrial conditions for a call to socialism and communism.
5 True/False questions
Battle of Omdurman → British victory over the Mahdi in the Sudan in 1898. General Kitchener led a mixed force of British and Egyptian troops armed with rapid-firing rifles and machine guns, new and powerful tools of the imperialists.
Muhammad Ali → (r. 1805-1849) Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early 19th century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor but had imperial ambitions. His descendants ruled Egypt until overthrown in 1952. He was the successor to Napoleon's rule, headed the strongest state in the Islamic world, and was the first to employ Western methods and technology.
Rammohum Roy → (1772-1833) A Western-educated Bengali froma Brahmin family, a successful administrator for the East India Company, and a student of comparative religion. His Brahmo Samaj (divine society), founded in 1828, attracted Indians who sought to reconcile the values of the West with the religious traditions of India.
Liberalism → A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
Emilio Aguinaldo → Networks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. The first ______ were built in England in the 1830s. Their success caused a railroad-building boom throughout the world that lasted well into the 20th century.