5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Panama Canal
- Seperate spheres
- Emilio Aguinaldo
- Giuseppe Garibaldi
- a Ship canal cut across the isthmus of a Latin American country by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1914. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to the host Latin American country on January 1, 2000.
- b Revolutionaries who wanted to abolish all private property and governments, usually by violence, and replace them with free associations of groups.
- c (1807-1882) Italian nationalist and revolutionary who conquered Sicily and Naples and added them to a unified Italy in 1860.
- d 19th century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have clearly differentiated roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
- e (1869-1964) Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed because the United States bought the Philippines from Spain and put a stop to the revolution. He was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Africans rescued by Britain's Royal Navy from the illegal slave trade of the 19th century and restored to free status.
- Networks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. The first ______ were built in England in the 1830s. Their success caused a railroad-building boom throughout the world that lasted well into the 20th century.
- (1841-1904) British-American explorer of Africa, famous for his expeditions in search of Dr. David Livingstone. He helped King Leopold II establish the Congo Free State.
- (1853-1902) British entrepreneur and politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. Founded the De Beers Consolidated, a company that has dominated the world's diamond trade ever since he dominated the Kimberly diamond fields. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him.
- (r. 1805-1849) Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early 19th century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor but had imperial ambitions. His descendants ruled Egypt until overthrown in 1952. He was the successor to Napoleon's rule, headed the strongest state in the Islamic world, and was the first to employ Western methods and technology.
5 True/False questions
Free-trade imperialism → A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes of Europe and North America.
Sepoy Rebellion → The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. The new emperor was Mutsuhito, and the oligarchs of this political system were extraordinarily talented and far-sighted. Brought about the modernization of Japan.
Berlin Conference → (1884-1885) Meeting that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.
Otto von Bismarck → A large Muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria. Founded by Usuman dan Fodio, who wanted to reform Muslim practices, and created from the Hausa states. Became centers of Islamic learning and reform, and sold many captives into the slave trade.
Liberalism → A political ideology that originated in Europe in the 1830s. Leaders of the idealogy advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of ________ or labor parties throughout Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century.