← World Civ test 2 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Sub-Sahara Africa
- a Office established in succession to the Prophet Muhammad, to rule the Islamic empire; also the name of that empire.
- b Book composed of divine revelations made to the Prophet Muhammad between ca. 610 and his death in 632; the sacred text of the religion of Islam.
- c In China, the class of prosperous families, next in wealth below the rural aristocrats, from which the emperors drew their administrative personnel. (166)
- d in ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats (wealthy, land owning families)
- e Portion of the African continent lying south of the Sahara. (p. 216)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Iranian empire, established ca. 226, with a capital in Ctesiphon, Mesopotamia. The Sasanid emperors established Zoroastrianism as the state religion. Islamic Arab armies overthrew the empire ca. 640. (p. 225)
- A network of seaports, trade routes, and maritime culture linking countries on the rim of Indian Oceans, and from Africa to Indonesia
- Caravan routes connecting China and the Middle East across Central Asia and Iran.
- the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic principle of which is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah.
- state that acquires prestige and power by developing attractive cultural forms and staging elaborate public ceremonies (as well as redistributing valuable resources) to attract and bind subjects to the center. (186)
5 True/False Questions
Pax romana → means "Roman Peace;" specifically the term that refers to the peace and stability that Rome maintained within its borders during the early empire.
Third-century crisis → political, military, and economic turmoil that beset the Roman Empire during much of the third century CE
Mahayana Buddhism → Great Vehicle' branch of Buddhism followed in China, Japan, and Central Asia. The focus is on reverence for Buddha and for bodhisattvas, enlightened persons who have postponed nirvana to help others attain enlightenment. (p. 181)
Mecca → City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
Muhammad → the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)