A movement to promote the independence of Slav people. Roughly started with the Congress in Prague; supported by Russia. Led to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877.
Holy Alliance of Austria
a loose organization of sovereign European states formed in Paris in 1815 by Alexander I of Russia, Francis I of Austria, and Frederick William III of Prussia
The series of understandings, or agreements, between France and Britian that led to their alliance in World War 1
the Serbian terrorist group that planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand, part of the Pan-Slavism nationalist movement, with the intention of uniting all of the territories containing South Slav populations (Serbs, Croats, Macedonians, Slovenes, etc) annexed by Austria-Hungary.
This was the established landowning class of Prussia from whom the officer corps was selected for the Prussian army. It was very conservative and resistant to liberal reforms which might upset their status. Bismarck was originally from this class in the old Brandenburg region, east of the Elbe.
a large rigid dirigible designed to carry passengers or bombs
a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
A making up or payment for a wrong or damage done, especially in the case of an international war
enthusiasm; eagerness for action
A war fought in the middle of the nineteenth century between Russia on one side and Turkey, Britain, and France on the other. RUssia was defeated and the independence of Turkey was guaranteed
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
French Plan XVII
called for concentration of troops in a single area with the intention of decisively defeating the enemy. Used Alsace and Lorraine as the target for their concentrated power but didn't know about the Schlieffen Plan.
Kaiser Wilhelm tested the British and French Entente Cordiale, the British had given France the green light to take over Morocco, but Germany intervened twice to test the alliance, Britain supports France both times and the Entente holds
Battle of the Marne
saved France in 1914. French counterattacked Germans and the Germans retreated. British forced them to retreat further. Ended the Schlieffen Plan and the offensive war imagined by the Germans.
Battle of the Somme
A 1916 WWI (1914-1918) battle between German and British forces. Ending in a stalemate, the bitter three-month conflict is notable for the high number of casualties- 1.25 million men killed or wounded - and the first use of tanks in warfare.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
A signed agreement between Russia and the Central Powers when Russia withdrew from the War. Russia surrendered Poland, the Ukraine and other territory.
Battle of Jutland
Only real naval battle of the war. May 1916. German Baltic fleet met Brits of coast of Denmark. Germans inflicted heavy Brit losses but failed to break Brit blockade. German fleet retreated to Baltic and stayed there. Brit naval supremacy confirmed but Brits unable to defeat German fleet completely in order to service Russia through the Baltic.
A poorly planned and badly executed Allied campaign to capture the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli during 1915 in World War I. Intended to open up a sea lane to the Russians through the Black Sea, the attempt failed with more than 50 percent casualties on both sides.
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
May 7, 1915 - British passenger ships were regularly sunk by German subs - had Americans aboard and brought the U.S. into the war. Germany promised to stop submarine warfare.
Russia, France, Great Britain
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy