5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Weimar Republic
- Benito Mussolini
- Gabriele Annunzio
- a 1863-1938 main spokesperson for Italian discontent; extreme nationalist writer who seized Fiume with a force of patriotic Italians; was eventually driven out but showed how nongovernmental military force would be put to political use
- b former close collaborator with Stalin; head of the party in Leningrad, murdered in 1934, his assassination marked the beginning of thousands of arrests and expellment, his death started the Purges
- c Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
- d New Economic Policy, (1921) allowed capitalist ventures, state kept control of banks, foreign trade, and large industries, small businesses were allowed to reopen for private profit stopped harassing peasants for grain, and peasants held on to small plots of land and sold surplus
- e The new German republic the in 1921 owed 33 billion annually to the allied reparations commission. In order to recover from its severe economic issues the annual fees were reduced each year depending on the level of German economic prosperity and Germany received large loans each year from the United States.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- conservative to liberal pendulum, action francis an extension of the natzis grew in power during the great depresion in which currency value drppped20%, strong labor force
- French prime minister who occupied the Ruhr and sent French workers to operate the mines when the Germans called a general strike
- Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
- the Reichstag building was set on fire. Hitler blamed the communists. started the anti-communist belief. Nazis set out to kill all communists
- German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)
5 True/False Questions
3rd International → was an international Communist organization founded in Moscow in March 1919. The International intended to fight "by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and for the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the State."
Leon Blum → France's first socialist Prime Minister. During his one year in office, he instituted a number of important social reforms, including the 40-hour work week. Government took a more active role in economy by increasing public spending and helping workers gain salary increases. He was Jewish.
Sinn Fein → an Irish republican political movement founded in 1905 to promote independence from England and unification of Ireland
Five-Year Plans → Plans that Joseph Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly, beginning in 1928. They set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state. (781)
France's Popular Front → A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.