5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Collectivization of Agriculture
- Great Purges
- Weimar Republic
- a The new German republic the in 1921 owed 33 billion annually to the allied reparations commission. In order to recover from its severe economic issues the annual fees were reduced each year depending on the level of German economic prosperity and Germany received large loans each year from the United States.
- b Nazi leader who in 1941 flew to Scotland in an apparent attempt to negotiate a peace treaty with Great Britain but was imprisoned for life (1894-1987)
- c the placement of all peasants on state run farms, meant to rationalize farming, increase governmental control over the countryside, and harness the labor of the peasants.
- d Stalin was paranoid that rival party leaders were plotting against him and launched this reign of terror, in which he and the Cheka eliminated old Bolsheviks and other party members. "Show trials" in which Communist leaders (often falsely) confessed to political crimes were held in Moscow. Many purged people were sent into exile or slave labor camps, while 80,000 were executed. The purges replaced the older generation of revolutionaries w/young people who were loyal to Stalin, but weakened the military by purging 90% of its officers
- e (Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Plans that Joseph Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly, beginning in 1928. They set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state. (781)
- In 1923 the Nazis attempted to overthrow the government in Munich. It was a total failure, and Hitler received a brief prison sentence during which time he wrote Mein Kampf.
- Lead the Bolsheviks of Russian along side Lenin. He was a spellbinding revolutionary orator and independent racial Marxist, who brilliantly executed the Bolshevik seizure of power by convincing the Petrograd Soviet to form a special military-revolutionary committee and make him its leader. His soldiers joined with the Bolsheviks to overtake members of the provisional government and win the vote of the Congress of soviets. He was also leader of the Red Army in the civil war.(908,910)
- Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
- Placed the republic on the path to recovery. Declared Germany unwilling to pay reparations and issued a new currency backed by mortgages.. 1924 the parties accepted the "Dawes Plan". Economic conditions improved. Wages higher than before, America invested in iron, steel, coal.
5 True/False Questions
Leon Blum → France's first socialist Prime Minister. During his one year in office, he instituted a number of important social reforms, including the 40-hour work week. Government took a more active role in economy by increasing public spending and helping workers gain salary increases. He was Jewish.
Nuremburg Laws → 1935 laws that classified a jew as someone having one or more jewish grandparent, defining the status of Jews and withdrawing citizenship from persons of non-German blood
Dawes Plan → 7 March 1850 - 14 September 1937) was an Austro-Hungarian and Czechoslovak politician, sociologist and philosopher, who as an eager advocate of Czechoslovak independence during World War I became the founder and first President of Czechoslovakia. He originally wished to reform the Habsburg monarchy into a democratic federal state, but during the First World War he began to favour the abolition of the monarchy and, with the help of the Allied Powers, eventually succeeded.
Great Depression in Europe → Stalin was paranoid that rival party leaders were plotting against him and launched this reign of terror, in which he and the Cheka eliminated old Bolsheviks and other party members. "Show trials" in which Communist leaders (often falsely) confessed to political crimes were held in Moscow. Many purged people were sent into exile or slave labor camps, while 80,000 were executed. The purges replaced the older generation of revolutionaries w/young people who were loyal to Stalin, but weakened the military by purging 90% of its officers
fascism in Italy → movement born in violence
hate socialism/w.c. movements
cooperate with big businesses
mass rallies and (polit) parties
dynamic leaders-good speakers-can get crowd going
glorification of war
no end goal, just all about power now/always looking at past