← Unit 10 AP Euro Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Mein Kampf
- Adolf Hitler
- Locarno Agreements
- a was an international Communist organization founded in Moscow in March 1919. The International intended to fight "by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and for the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the State."
- b The National Socialist German Workers' Party, the full title of the Nazi Party. The party grew rapidly in support from 1928 onwards, to become the most popular political party in Germany at the time when Hitler came to power.
- c in 1925, these were agreements Germany had made not to breach the Versailles treaty; by entering the Rhineland, Germany breached the terms of these agreements
- d This dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.
- e 'My Struggle' by hitler, later became the basic book of nazi goals and ideology, reflected obsession
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- 1863-1938 main spokesperson for Italian discontent; extreme nationalist writer who seized Fiume with a force of patriotic Italians; was eventually driven out but showed how nongovernmental military force would be put to political use
- In 1923 the Nazis attempted to overthrow the government in Munich. It was a total failure, and Hitler received a brief prison sentence during which time he wrote Mein Kampf.
- Hitler becomes Chancellor in January 1933 and assumes powers of presidency upon death of Paul von Hindenburg in August 1934
Hitler immediately orders "coordination" alignment
- France's first socialist Prime Minister. During his one year in office, he instituted a number of important social reforms, including the 40-hour work week. Government took a more active role in economy by increasing public spending and helping workers gain salary increases. He was Jewish.
- Head of SA, considered by HItler as a potential danger to the Nazi Party, was murdered in the Night of the Long-Knives
5 True/False Questions
Kirov → former close collaborator with Stalin; head of the party in Leningrad, murdered in 1934, his assassination marked the beginning of thousands of arrests and expellment, his death started the Purges
Nuremburg Laws → Stalin was paranoid that rival party leaders were plotting against him and launched this reign of terror, in which he and the Cheka eliminated old Bolsheviks and other party members. "Show trials" in which Communist leaders (often falsely) confessed to political crimes were held in Moscow. Many purged people were sent into exile or slave labor camps, while 80,000 were executed. The purges replaced the older generation of revolutionaries w/young people who were loyal to Stalin, but weakened the military by purging 90% of its officers
Benito Mussolini → Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
Himmler → New Economic Policy, (1921) allowed capitalist ventures, state kept control of banks, foreign trade, and large industries, small businesses were allowed to reopen for private profit stopped harassing peasants for grain, and peasants held on to small plots of land and sold surplus
Britain's National Government → In the United Kingdom the term National Government is in an abstract sense used to refer to a coalition of some or all UK major political parties. In a historical sense it usually refers primarily to the governments of Ramsay MacDonald, Stanley Baldwin and Neville Chamberlain which held office from 1931 until 1940.