a combination of gases such as nitrogen and oxygen, and particles such as dust, water droplets, and ice crystals.
the invisible, gaseous form of water.
How are molecules of Ozone formed?
They are formed by the addition of an atom to an oxygen molecule.
5 layers of atmosphere: (top to bottom)
What causes heating of the stratosphere?
Ozone molecules which absorb UV radiation from the sun.
total energy of particles in an object due to their random motion.
the transfer of thermal energy from a region of higher temperature to a region of lower temperature.
How is Thermal Energy transferred?
radiation, conduction, convection.
the transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves.
Rate of Absorption...
The rate of absorption for any particular area varies depending on the physical characteristics of the area and the amount of solar radiation it receives.
the transfer of thermal energy between objects when their atoms or molecules collide.
Can occur more easily in solids or liquids where particles are close together.
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas.
the main mechanism for energy transfer in the atmosphere.
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a material.
the energy an object has due to its motion.
Equation for pressure
P = force/area N/m2
Atoms and molecules become..
farther apart in the atmosphere as altitude increases.
Water on Earth's Surface...
evaporates and enters the atmosphere and condenses to form clouds and precipitation.
process in which temperature changes without the addition or removal of thermal energy from a system.
Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate
rate at which unsaturated air will cool as it rises if no thermal energy is added or removed.
Moist Adiabatic Lapse Rate
the rate at which saturated air cools.
Microscopic particles on which water vapor condenses to form cloud droplets.
cloud formation that occurs when warm moist air is forced to rise up the side of a mountain.
occurs when air flows into the same area from different directions.
occurs when cloud droplets collide and join together to form a larger droplet.
the constant movement of water between the atmosphere and Earth's surface.