Mark, Matthew, and Luke
Used the following devices: Naming historical figures and events, referencing crowds of witnesses, recording a genealogy and family relationships, and naming real places. Luke wrote about historical events in historical places that his readers would have been able to verify.
Listed many OT prophecies that were fulfilled by Jesus. Claimed that the whole OT was written about Jesus and that God's plan for history reached a climax in the Jesus event.
Centuries of Silence
Holy Spirit was active among his people, God was speaking to humanity through John the Baptist.
Qualified Jesus for ministry. At his baptism, Jesus identified with people who wanted to live righteously.
Luke recorded a longer genealogy starting with Adam. Connected Jesus with all humanity. Jesus came for all people.
Unlike Adam, Jesus was able to resist temptation.
Jesus began his ministry in "the power of the spirit".
Jesus set out for Jerusalem, where je would bring his mission to completion.
Jesus' mission. God's deliverance of humans from the power and effects of sin.
Kingdom of God
Refers to "the sovereign rule of God".
Describes the idea that Jesus' earthly ministry brought about the beginning of the end times. Jesus was the Davidic ruler whose kingdom already started during his lifetime, but it would not yet reach full expression until some future date.
Luke's Gospel emphasized this. Ten minas parable. Explained the future orientation of the kingdom of God.
Luke reflected of the scriptural necessity of the Messiah's suffering both on the road to Emmaus and to his disciples. Was the authenticating divine seal on Jesus' redemptive work.
Luke was the only author to report this, and gave two accounts.
Repentance and Faith
Salvation provided by Jesus' death and resurrection comes by way of repentance, turning away from sin. Luke placed great emphasis on this. Faith means to commit your life to follow him.
Those on the outskirts of society. Could also find salvation in Jesus. Jesus included marginalized persons as positive role models in his teaching.
Wealth can be dangerous to one's spiritual life. Jesus spent time with the wealthy so that they could become believers, but he held the poor-and ministry to them-in high regard. A person's standing with God cannot be measured by mere financial status. Wealth is a gift of God that should not be worshipped, but rather should be used for God's glory.
What Jesus referred his 12 followers as.
Person dedicated to a way of life taught by a leader.
Jesus had many disciples, not only the 12 apostles.
Being a disciple of Jesus entails radically different priorities for all of life. Though salvation through faith in Jesus Christ is a free gift from God, it costs the recipient everything. Luke collected together several unique parables throughout the Travel Narrative in which Jesus challenged his disciples to reorder their priorities according to his values.
Should not come between your faith in Jesus. Luke's unique parable of the rich man and Lazarus addressed not only the issue of material possessions, but also the matter of giving priority to the truth of God's Word. People are to be more highly valued than material possessions and human customs.
Luke had more to say about prayer than any other Gospel and showed Jesus praying more than the others. Luke included 2 unique parables that encourage persistence and humility in prayer: Persistant widow and the unjust judge, and the Pharisee and the tax collector.
Scholar's term for the 1st century sharing of meals, which symbolized intimate friendship and unity even with various marginalized persons.