What does the word Renaissance mean?
It's French for rebirth
What was being reborn during the Renaissance?
What did the Italian wealthy trade lead to?
It led to patrons (wealthy people) supporting the arts which were very important to the Renaissance.
The patron family Medici came from the Italian city-state of ________.
What were the two important aims of the Renaissance?
Renewed interest in Greece and Rome and humanism
What is humanism?
The belief that people can use their minds/reason to make society better
What does the word secular mean?
Who wrote "The Prince"?
Machiavelli. In it, he argued that it was better for a leader to be feared than respected.
Many of the ideas of the Renaissance were a direct challenge to the ________?
Why was da Vinci considered a "true Renaissance man"?
He was so talented -- sculptor,architect,inventor,and mathematics.
Who painted the Sistine Chapel?
Who came up with the movable type printing press?
German inventor -- Johannes Gutenberg
Why was the printing press so important?
It helped with the spred of ideas,made books affordable.
Who was Martin Luther?
He was the first person to successfully challenge the church; began the Protestant Reformation when he nailed the 95 Theses on the church door in Germany.
What do the Renaissance and Reformation lay the groundwork for?
Age of Exploration and Scientific Revolution
What was John Calvin's idea?
That God chose people's final destination ("predestination")
What does vernacular meaning?
Everyday language --- not Latin
How did the Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation?
They had the Counter (Catholic) Reformation.The Council of Trent was created to teach Catholic doctrines.
Which country was first to lead European exploration?
Portugal. They were the first on the west coast of Africa.
Which country primarily colonized Central and South America?
Why did Europeans want to a find a shorter way to India?
For spices and other goods. It would be cheaper. Europeans could avoid Muslim merchants; land routes were dangerous.
Which country was in the Great Lakes region and Mississippi River area?
Which country was on the Atlantic seaboard?
What was the Columbian Exchange?
An exchange of plants, ideas, animals from Old World (Europe) to New World (Americas). Aspects of the exchange were both negative and positive.
What was the heliocentric theory?
The belief that the sun was the center of the univers. Copernicus taught this theory and Galileo confirmed it with the use of a telescope.