Greek translation of the OT.
God sent his Son because he loved us. Jesus offered up his life as a sacrifice because he loved us.
John wanted his readers to understand how much God loved the world that he used the word world 78 times in his Gospel.
The sent one is as the sender. Signifies that the one sent had all the authority of the sender.
Jesus, who comes from the Father with all his authority.
The study of the person of Christ
Jewish expected Messiah to be a priest like Aaron, a prophet like Moses, but most expected a warrior king like David, who had freed Israel from foreign oppression through military might.
Jesus is God
John used the title, "I am" more frequently than did the authors of the Synoptic Gospels. This title was used of God in the OT.
Significant acts or miracles. Authenticated Jesus' identity and mission. Forced the onlooker to decide either for or against Jesus.
1. Changing of the water to wine.
2. Healing of the royal official's son.
3. Feeding of the 5 thousand.
4. Raising of Lazarus from the dead.
Jesus fulfilled many of the metaphors and expectations of the OT, some were unique to John's Gospel.
Feast of the Tabernacles
Feast to give thanks to God for a good harvest and for his benefits in the desert during the exodus from Egypt. During the evenings during this feast, priests would light golden lamps in the temple so intense all of Jerusalem was illuminated. Into this context Jesus announced, "I am the light of the world..." Jesus was fulfilling religious symbols of Judaism.
Feast of Dedication
Also known as Hanukkah. Jesus fulfilled.
In John, referred to the unbelieving Jewish leadership.
Feast of Passover
John emphasized this feast more than any other Gospel. He uniquely recorded that Jesus' death happen at same time Passover lambs were being slain.
Illustrated in turning water into wine
Jesus brought the final and true revelation that superseded all previous revelation.
Jesus came to shine God's revelatory light. When Jesus shines the light of revelation, he brings truth because "God is truthful"
John paradoxically referred to Jesus' "hour" of death with the terms "glorified" and "lifted up".
Jesus dying for our sins. "The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep"
John never uses the noun faith, he always used "to believe" 98 times. Emphasized the active response of believing.
Those who believe in Jesus will find freedom. The truth will set you free. The ability to overcome sin through obedience to the truth of Jesus' teachings and the power of the Spirit.
Those who believe in Jesus would receive the power of the Holy Spirit. Teaches and reminds of Jesus' words and brings peace that the world could not understand.
Believers can overcome but not fully; God heals but not always; believers experience peace but still have troubles in life.
Sons of light
Characterized by light
The journey towards holiness
Helper, Counselor, Holy Spirit
Just as the Father heard the prayers of Jesus, Jesus promised to hear and answer the disciples prayers.