the knowledge, language3, values, customs, and material objects that are passed from person to person and from on generation to the next in a human group or society.
A component of culture that consists of the physical or tangible creations (such as clothing, shelter, and art) that members of a society make, use, and share.
the knowledge, techniques, and tools that allow people to transform resources into a usable form and the knowledge and skill required to use what is developed.
A component of culture that consists of the abstract or intangible human creations of society (such as attitudes, beliefs, and values) that influence people's behavior.
Customs and practices that occur across all societies.
Anything that meaningfully represents something else
A set of symbols that expresses idea and enable people to think and communicate with one another.
The proposition that language shapes the view of reality of it's speakers.
Collective ideas about what is right or wrong, good, or bad, and desirable or undesirable in a particular culture.
Core American Values
2. Achievement and Success
3. Activity and work
4. Science and technology
5. Progress and material comfort
6. Efficiency and practicality
8. Morality and humanitarianism
Established rules of behavior or standards of conduct.
Rewards for appropriate behavior or penalties for inappropriate behavior
Informal norms or everyday customs that may be violated without serious consequences within a particular culture.
Strongly held norms with moral and ethical connotations that may not be violated without serious consequences in a particular culture.
Mores so strong that their violation is considered to be extremely offensive and even unmentionable.
Formal, standardized norms that have been enacted by legislatures and are enforced by formal sanctions.
William Ogburn's term for a gap between the technical development of a society (material culture) and it's moral and legal institutions (non-material culture)
The process of learning about something previously unknown or unrecognized.
The process of reshaping existing cultural items into a new form.
The transmission of cultural items or social practices from one group of society to another.
A group of people who share a distinctive set of cultural beliefs and behaviors that differs in some significant way from that of the larger society.
A group that strongly rejects dominant societal values and norms and seeks alternative lifestyles.
The disorientation that people feel when they encounter cultures radically different from their own and believe they cannot depend on their own taken-for-granted assumptions about life.
The practice of judging all the other cultures by one's own culture.
The belief that the behaviors and customs of any culture must be viewed and analyzed by the culture's own standards.
The component of culture that consists of activities, products, and services that are assumed to appeal primarily to members of the middle and working classes.
The extensive infusion of one nation's culture into other nations.
Assumption that society is a stable, orderly, system with interrelated parts that serve specific functions.
The assumption that social life is a continuous struggle in which members of powerful groups seek to control scarce resources.
Engage in micro level analysis that views society as the sum of all people's interactions.