Vocabulary Lessons 11 & 12

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precarious

ADJECTIVE
unsafe; insecure; uncertain; dangerous

devastation

NOUN
destruction; desolation

vulnerable

ADJECTIVE
easily injured or hurt physically or emotionally; open to criticism or attack

besiege

VERB
to crowd around in order to ask for favors; to overwhelm; to enclose with armed forces

wreak

VERB
to inflict (as vengeance or punishment) ; to express (as anger or hatred)

perseverance

NOUN
the act or habit of holding to a course of action or belief; persistence; steadfastness

autonomy

NOUN
independence; the condition of having self-government

wane

VERB
to decrease gradually; to decline in power, importance, or size

inclement

ADJECTIVE
without mercy; rough or stormy; harsh

latitude

NOUN
freedom; scope

balmy

ADJECTIVE
mild and pleasant; soothing

facsimile

NOUN
an exact reproduction or copy, in telecommunications , also called a fax
ADJECTIVE
duplicate

vigilant

ADJECTIVE
alert; wary; watchful

commence

VERB
to begin; to initiate; to start

archaic

ADJECTIVE
no longer in general use; old-fashioned; belonging to an earlier period; ancient

invincible

ADJECTIVE
not to be overcome; unconquerable

beguile

VERB
to cheat or deceive; to mislead by tricking or cheating

appease

VERB
to soothe or pacify, especially by giving in to demands

pretext

NOUN
a false reason concealing a real one; an excuse

espionage

NOUN
spying

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