a large waterfall
flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
fine soil found on river bottoms
a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
a series of rulers from the same family
the domain ruled by a king or queen
complete control over someone or something.
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
life after death
Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during much of the Old Kingdom
an ancient Egyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramid
body after it has been embalmed and prepared the ancient Egyptian way; dead body preserved naturally
pictures and other written symbols that stand for ideas, things, or sounds
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
the region of ancient Nubia between the first and second Nile cataracts.
the region of ancient Nubia between the second and sixth Nile cataracts
a worker skilled in a craft
1480 BC Queen Hatshepsut came to power during the New Kingdom, first ruling with her husband and then as a regent for her stepson, Thutmose III. Had herself crowned pharaoh. Wore false beard, usually worn by kings. Built great funeral temple in Valley of the Kings.
Hatshepsut's stepson, took over as pharaoh once he reached adulthood. He was a great military general, stretched Egypt's borders to their greatest extent ever.
Jean Francois Champollion
French scholar that unlocked the Egyptian code of writing using the Rosetta Stone
Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic. Led to deciphering of hieroglyphics.
A city in Nubia that had gained power and wealth by controlling the trade in central Africa and Egypt. It was noted for their skilled artisans who made delicate pottery.
chief god; protected the rich and the poor; judged all human affairs; sun god; born in east, died in west
Kingdom, 700's B.C. Egypt was weak, so they controlled Egypt; built pyramids and adopted many Egyptian customs
Capital of a flourishing kingdom in southern Nubia from the fourth century B.C.E. to the fourth century C.E.. In this period Nubian culture shows more independence from Egypt and the influence of Sub-Saharan Africa. Use ore to make iron weapons and tools.
1. polytheistic- belief in more than 1 god. 2. life after death- build things they'd need for after life. 3. pharaoh was god- total power of life of people.
the age of pyramids. when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization complexity and achievement
2050 BC. - 1800 BC.: A new dynasty reunited Egypt. Moved the capital to Thebes. Built irrigation projects and canal between NIle and Red Sea so Egytian ships could trade along coasts of Arabian Penninsula and East Africa. Expanded Egyptian territory:Nubia, Syria.
The period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory. Achievements included: great temples, calendar based moon and stars, Medicine handbook, paintings on inner tomb walls, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III rules.
women in ancient Egypt
women could own and pass on property. They could buy and sell goods, make wills, and obtain divorces. Upper-class women were in charge of temples and could perform religious ceremonies.
hieroglyphs, pyramids, geometry, medicine,
a mechanical device that consists of a long pole balanced on a crossbeam. It has a rope and bucket on one end and a weighted balance on the other. It is used for transferring water from the river to the fields.
worlds longest river, blue and white nile meet, flows south to north, empties into Mediterranean sea, floods same time every year, carried silt.
Pharaoh: considered himself a god
Theocracy: ruled by religious leader (Pharaoh)
Bureaucracy: Pharaoh busy with religious duties, appoints officials to help rule
Officials paid in land (Old Kingdom fall)
farming in ancient Egypt
Productive thanks to mineral-rich silt deposits and irrigation technology, and ability to predict the flooding of the Nile