5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Deductive reasoning
- Developmental, or Physiological theories
- Adaptation Theory
- Systems theory
- Expert nurse
- a defines the interdependence of environments in and around us. all parts of a system are connected, and a change in one part of the whole will have an effect on another. (Ludwig von Bertallanaffy)
- b general to specific
1. All members of Class A are purple.
2. Mary is a member of Class A.
3. Therefore, Mary is purple
- c for example Maslow's Theory of the Hierarchy of Needs, Erickson's Theory of Psychosocial Development; both teach nurses that all systems in the human body are interdependent.
- d helps the nurse understand the ability of living things to adjust (or adapt) in response to continuous internal and external stimuli.
- e final level, has the ability to recognize patterns and responses that are automatic and integrated.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- person, nurse, health, and environment
- From Novice to Expert, focuses on clinical nursing practice and her belief that nursing knowledge accrues over time.
- based on three concepts: wholeness, adaptation, and conservation (example: obtaining a wheelchair for the pt (conserve energy))
- focus on evaluating outcomes, setting goals, self-care. Goal of theory is health for individuals, groups, and society
- theory focused on three major relationships: environment to pt, nurse to environment, and nurse to pt. (Environment is the major focus)
5 True/False Questions
Advanced beginner nurse → level 4, is able to see the whole (rather than the parts) of a situation, recognizes subtle changes, and focuses on the long-term goals.
Peplau/ Theory of interpersonal relations → (focused on relationship btw nurse and patient) encouraged autonomy through interlocking and overlapping phases: preorientation, orientation, working, and termination
Paradigm (aka conceptual model) → interrelated definitions and concepts that are organized for viewing phenomenon specific to nursing.
Theories → integrated set of concepts and statements that can be used to explain, describe, predict, or control a phenomenon. may be inductive or deductive reasoning (PP page 2)
Inductive reasoning → specific to general
1. 20 males btw the ages 19 and 35 had symptoms of PTSD after returning from war.
2. therefore, all males btw the ages of 19 and 35 returning from war will have symptoms of PTSD.