layer of rock that forms the outer shell at the top of the Earth's interior
upper portion of the lithosphere
sedimentary rocks and some extraneous igneous rocks, such as lava flows, form in horizontal layers parallel to Earth's surface
folded rock layers
bent or curved
faulted rock layers
rock layers offset or displaced along a type of crack called a fault
raised up land
shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake
location on earths land or water directly above the focus of an earthquake
3 types of seismic waves
P waves,S waves,Surface waves
primary waves that cause particles they travel through to vibrate in the direction the waves are moving
secondary waves cause the particals they are travel through to viberate at right angles
happen when p and s waves come to earths surface
large ocean wave produced by disruption of ocean floor.
mountain made of igneous rocks.
giving off of gasses and lava onto earthssurface or into the atmosphere.
earths thickest zone
what seperates the crust from the mantle
the whole crust and upper most part of mantle
below lithosphere part of mantle