Wrote the Olive Branch Petition
Ordinance of 1785
This divided public lands into townships of six miles square each and they subdivided each township into one mile square lots.
Ordinance of 1787
prohibited slavery in Northwest territory - north of Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River
American Revolutionary leader and signer of the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution (1721-1793)
supporters of the constitution
People who opposed the constitution
Bill of Rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
the branch of government that carries out laws
the branch of government that makes the laws.
the branch of the United States government responsible for the administration of justice
a government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
The powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution.
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
powers given to the state government alone
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
basic law of the United States
The distribution and assignment of seats in the house of Representatives
The official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States of Congress
Bring formal charges to an elected official
voters who elect public officials
Gives congress the power to make all laws and carry out the powers granted to the federal Govt.
President Pro tempore
elected by the Senate; the highest ranking senator (other than the VP); primary duty: to preside over the Senate whenever the VP is not present; 3rd in the line for the presidency (after the VP and Speaker of the House)
State of Union Address
an annual address presented before a joint session of Congress; reports on the condition of the nation; allows the president to outline his legislative plan and priorities to Congress; found in Article II, Sec. 3 of the U.S. Constitution
The presidents indirect veto of a bill
President's rejection to a piece of Legislation
authority of a court to review the decisions of a lower court
How does a bill become a law?
Proposed in the House or Senate: After the idea for a bill is developed and the text of the bill is written, a Member of Congress must officially introduce the bill in Congress by becoming the bill's sponsor
Introduce: formally presented to Congress, given a number; and referred to committee
Committee The committee debates; marks up; may or may not make changes; votes; either sent to a subcommittee for intensive study, or reported back to the House Floor.
Subcommittee; bill is carefully studied; The subcommittee may hold hearings to obtain the views of experts, supporters, and opponents; debate, amend, vote.
Report The reported bill is put on the calendar; and sent to the Floor for consideration.
Consider - debate and amend
Refer to other body of Congress
Bill Is Enrolled - when a bill passes in the House and Senate and is sent to the President for a signature
Law OR Veto
establishes the Constitution, Federal laws, and U.S. treaties as the highest law of the land; found in Article VI, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution
Give a brief summary of each article of the Constitution.
1- Article I: Creates a congress made up of two houses (Senate and House of Representatives); lists the powers given to the Senate
2- Article II: Creates the Executive branch; explains the method of choosing the members of this branch - President and Vice President; lists the powers of this branch
3- Article III: Creates the Judicial branch; Creates Supreme court and federal courts; explains method of appointment
4- Article IV: Explains the relationship between the states and national government
5- Article V: Specifies how the Constitution can be changed
6- Article VI: discusses general issues related to the government; contains the supremacy clause
7- Article VII: Explains the ratification requirements
What is the length of the term of office for each of the President, Representative, Senator?
• President: 4 years
• Representative: 2 years
• Senator: 6 years
when charges are made against a person in court
organization of government workers
a crime in which the death penalty may be given
relations with foreign countries
when a grand jury formally accuses someone of committing a crime
act or instance that may be used as an example in dealing with similar instances
unjust or oppressive power
Give a one sentence summary of amendments 1-27.
1st - Freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition
2nd - right to bear arms and serve in a state militia
3rd - limits the power of the national government to force American to house soldiers
4th - protects against unreasonable searches and seizures - sometimes called the privacy amendment
5th - protects the rights of people accused of a crime - includes methods of indictment, and protection against double jeopardy, as well as due process, and eminent domain
6th - additional rights of people accused of a crime - includes trial by jury
7th - guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases
8th - forbids excessive bail
9th - states that rights spelled out as not the only rights of citizens
10th - states that rights and powers not specifically given to the federal govt. are reserved for the states or the people
11. Suits against all states - federal courts cannot try cases in which a state is sued by citizens of another state or foreign country
12. Election of the President and Vice-President - determines the process for electing a president and vice-president
13. Abolition of Slavery
14. Rights of citizens
15. Right to vote
16. Income tax
17. Direct election of Senators
18. Prohibition - made the transport, manufacture and selling of liquor illegal.
19. Women's right to vote
20. "Lame Duck amendment - shortened the waiting period between election day and the beginning of a new term.
21. repeal of prohibition
22. limit of presidential terms
23. voting in the District of Columbia
24. Abolition of the Poll tax
25. Presidential Disability and succession
26. Eighteen-year-old vote
27. Restraint on Congressional Salaries