Heald, Hayward (Rahimi) OCGT Chapter 6

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Chapter 6: The Illicit Drug Trade Learning Objectives After reading this chapter, you should be able to Comprehend the origins and magnitude of the nation's drug problem Understand methods of measuring drug abuse Describe the causal relationship between drugs and organized crime View the drug business as a well calculated, profit-generating enterprise Comprehend the structure and operating methods of the drug business Understand the role of foreign countries in the international drug t…

cannabis

the most commonly used illicit drug

cycle of disorder

Drugs play a multifaceted role in society. Created by drugs in the society. The cycle typically begins with an overall fear of disorder by residents in a neighborhood, which leaves them feeling helpless and apathetic. Disorder increases and is easily identified by telltale signs, such as litter in the streets, growing numbers of vacant buildings, an increased number of groups of teens hanging out, broken windows throughout the neighborhood and prostitutes working openly on the street.

DARE Drug Abuse Resistance Education

Drug Abuse Prevention Program.

DUF Drug Use Forecasting

Sponsered jointly by the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, also surveyed drug users to determine the extent of drug use and its impact on some forms of crime. Provided data on the incidence of recent drug use by arrestees in selected cities across the nation, as well as trends in drug use among this segment of the population.

Expressive Law Enforcement

Is a law enforcement-oriented strategy, which suggests that more police resources be devoted to the drug problem, resulting in maximum arrests for drug offenses. This is accomplished by expanding the authority and resources of the Narcotics Bureau to the point that it becomes more productive.

Golden Triangle

Golden Triangle is one of Asia's two main illicit opium-producing areas. overlaps the mountains of four countries of Southeast Asia: Myanmar (Burma), Laos, and Thailand. (Other interpretations of the Golden Triangle also include a section of Yunnan Province, China.) Along with Afghanistan in the Golden Crescent and Pakistan, it has been one of the most extensive opium-producing areas of Asia and of the world since the 1950s. The Golden Triangle also designates the confluence of the Ruak River and the Mekong river, since the term has been appropriated by the Thai tourist industry to describe the nearby junction of Thailand, Laos, and Burma.

Hallucinogenic

causing dramatic alterations of perceptions, mood, and thought, LSD, Marijuana, peyote

Horizontally integrated

This occurs when one crime organizations absorbs another organization in the same drug market.

Interdiction

Control strategy, based on the rationalization that foreign countries are not effective in preventing the production of illicit drugs and therefore the flow of drugs into the country must be stopped at U.S. borders. U.S. agencies are given powerful search and seizure authority at the borders, it is likely that a significant percentage of illicit drugs smuggled into the country are detected.

Intermural Violence

Same as interdiction, but agression is against the police and police informants to avoid being arrested and punished for trafficking.

Intramural Violence

Aggression among drug traffickers, also known as intramural violence, is common and often erupts during disagreements about transactions. Violence is used to protect or expand drug markets, intimidate competitors and retaliate against sellers and buyers who are suspected of cheating.

Mr. Big Strategy

emphasizes high level distributors. The primary tactics are to empty sophisticated investigative procedures using wiretaps, informants and undercover operatives. Loose moneyis also required to purchase drugs or pay informants. The premise for this strategy is that the immobilization of high level traffickers will produce larger and more permanent results onthe drug trafficking networks than will arrest of lower level, easily replaced figures.

Source country crop control

Policy that limits the raw materials used to make them such as, controlling foreign production of opium and coca and restricting both foreign and domestic cultivation of marijuana.

Vertically integrated

This occurs when a drug manufacturing organization merges with an organization proficient in street level distribution. For example, vertical integration occurs if a computer manufacturer buys a retail computer outlet. Accordingly, criminal trafficking organizations become vertically integrated makes it difficult for drug operations to be detected through traditional police investigative methods such as "buy and bust" and informant operations. Each member has a specific goal, and all work together as a team.

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