Battered woman syndrome:
A condition that affects women who have been continually abused by their spouses to the degree that their mental functioning is impaired.
Women who have experience physically or psychologically injurious behavior at the hands of men with whom they once had, or are continuing to have, an intimate relationship.
A justification or excuse presented by the perpetrator to reduce or eliminate his or her criminal liability.
A government agent's actions that induce a person to commit a crime.
Imperfect self defense
One's use of force against another with the purpose of injuring or killing the victim in the mistaken belief that force was necessary to defend oneself.
A legal concept that excuses the defendant's conduct based upon his or her lack of a required mental state, Tests for insanity: Right and wrong. Diminished responsibility: Mental disorders/ mental disease
Post traumatic stress disorder
the development of characteristic symptoms following an extremely traumatic direct personal experience of an event that involves actual or threatened death or serious injury.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or Premenstrual tension (PMT)
Symptoms that many women face that begin 10 to 14 days prior to the menstrual period and become progressively worse until the onset of menstruation. Women suffering with PMS/PMT are often irritable and under stress.
Statute of limitations
Requirements that criminal prosecution commence within a certain period of time after the crime occurred.
Syndrome based defenses
Defenses that are predicated on, or substantially enhanced by, the acceptability of syndrome related crimes.
At civil law a person reaches his or he majority in most states at 18, the age which children become criminally responsible for their conduct is not as clear. The general rule is that children under the age of 7 are not held criminally responsible for their conduct. Between the ages of 7 and 14 there is generally a presumption that the child does not have the required mental capacity.