Latin American Music

Created by Dani1123 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Aztecs

The mexicas
Language: Nahuatl
Capital: Tenochtitlán
Political power (1428-1521)
Triple Alliance: Tenochtitlán, Texcoco, Tlaxcala

Teponaztli

Idiophone
a hollowed log slit-drum, with H-shaped incision.

Mariachi Ensemble

Vihuela: round-backed small guitar with 5 strings
Guitarrón: looks like a big vihuela, 6 strings.
Six-string guitar
3-6 violins
Two trumpets


Mestizo music

European elements
String instruments.
Spanish poetic forms
Triple meter.
Polished singing style

Native elements
Shape and sound of instruments.
Mánicos (strumming)
Sesquiáltera: alternation of duple and triple meters

Norteño Ensemble

Bajo sexto (12 strings)
Button Accordion
Tololoche (double bass)
Replaced by electric bass
Redova (homemade drum)
replaced by drum set and cowbell

Corrido

Memorialized events
Legends and ballads about
Heroes
love stories
Experiences of common people

Musical Characteristics
Duple or triple meter
Strophic
Not for dancing
Can be played by mariachi, norteña, banda, conjunto, guitar

Chamba

gigs by the hour for birthdays,weddings...

Plaza Garibaldi

In Mexico City. Mariachi Coculense performed regularly here.

Tenochtitlan

Capital of the Aztec Empire

Huhuetl

Membranophone:
single-headed vertical drum.

Jarocho ensemble

String Ensemble

Improvisation (music & text)
Alternation between singers

Conjunto jarocho:
arana jarocha:
8 strings in 5 courses
Requinto jarocho:
4 strings plucked by a pick
Harp: 32-36 strings
La bamba
Ritchie Valens La bamba

Banda Music

Origin in mid-19th century, Sinaloa (N.W. Mexico)
Mazatlán: a garrison town in 1844. Tambora: local name for popular bands playing in open-air concerts
Considered low brow music

Banda Ensemble

Standardized after Mexican Revolution (9-12 musicians)
clarinets
trumpets
trombones
charchetas (sax horns)
Bajo de pecho (upright-bell tuba)
Tarola (snare drum)
Tambora (double-headed bass
drum + cymbals on top)

Conjunto

Working-class music in Texas
Developed by folk musicians
Oral tradition

Conjunto
More Virtuosic accordion
More for dancing, having fun

Armonía

IN mariachi, the instrumental section comprised of the guitarrón, six-stringed guitar, and vihuela. Provides the chordal rhythmic framework for the music the mariachi plas.

Canción ranchera

sentimental song in duple or triple meter

slow or fast tempo

simple accompaniment

about love, rural life

Nahuatl

Language spoken by the Aztecs

Quetzalcoatl

Plummed Serpent
God of knowledge, creation, priesthood

Huasteco Ensemble

aka HUAPANGO
Trio ensemble:
Violin
Jarana (5-stringed guitar)
Huapanguera (guitarra quinta with 8 strings (five single and double courses)
Pedro Infante link

Quebradita

Little Break
Incorporated fast rhythms
Elaborate vaquero (cowboy) outfits
Energetic choreographies
Dance steps imitate horse movements: trotting, horsetail, lasso, etc.
Combines country-western, cumbia, flamenco, Brazilian lambada

Deer Dance

Danza del Venado
Good associated with the deer, and evil with the jaguar

Mánicos

fast strumming in mariachis

Zapateado

Foot step of the Mexican Son
Danced to Sesuialteras

Mexican Sones

Son jalisciense
Son huasteco
Son jarocho
Son istmeño
son oaxaqueño
Son guerrerense
Son michoacano
Chilena

Son Jaliciense (Jalisco)

Sesquiáltera: mixture of duple and triple meters (3/4 + 6/8)

Son Jarocho (Veracruz)

Improvisation (music & text)
Alternation between singers
Conjunto jarocho:
arana jarocha:
8 strings in 5 courses
Requinto jarocho:
4 strings plucked by a pick
Harp: 32-36 strings

SON HUASTECO

aka HUAPANGO
Trio ensemble:
Violin
Jarana (5-stringed guitar)
Huapanguera (guitarra quinta with 8 strings (five single and double courses)
Pedro Infante link

SON OAXAQUEÑO

Marimba ensemble:
Marimba: played by 2 or more players.
Percussion instruments

SON ISTMEÑO

Wind-and-percussion bandas
No string instruments, no voice

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set