Bob, who was 78 yrs old wanted to take a college class to improve his intellectual skills. His wife told him is was silly because you can't improve your intellectual skills when you reach your 70's and 80's. Obviously, Bob's wife is not familiar with research in the area of:
In most cultures, when you retire would be considered a:
normative-age graded influence
Mitosis is defined as:
cellular reproduction in which cell's nucleus duplicates itself with two new cells being formed, each containing the same DNA as the parent cell, arranged in the same 23 pairs of chromosomes
While Sarah was pregnant, she was put under alot of stress due to relationship problems. During infancy, Sarah's child was in an emotionally abusive environment which put alot of stress on the child. Sarah's child had a very difficult temperment as a result of all this. This example reflects the:
To what extent do people differ because of differences in genes, environment or a combination of these? Which field would most likely research this question?
Siblings interacting differently with each parent, and parents interacting differently with each sibling is an example of :
non shared environmental experiences
If you believe that male aggression is an evolutionary trait that has been passed down for many generations to promote survival of the species, your view reflects the __ perspective of development
Bobby learned that a plane had wings. Now, when he sees a bird, he says, "plane". Bobby is organizing his schemas by way of ___.Later he will learn to adjust this schema realizing that everything with wings is not specifically a plane by way of _____.
What is the pattern of movement that begins at conception, and continues throughout the lifespan?
Bradley loved being around other children. He would always go outside when he saw the neighbor children playing. However, Martha would always choose to walk to the library when the children were outside playing because she found reading (rather than social interaction) much more stimulating. What heredity environment correlation would Bradley and Martha fall under?
Active (niche picking) genotype-environment correlation
One of the differences between Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson is that:
Erik Erikson saw that development occurred throughout the life span
Which evolved mechanism is not adaptive in our contemporary society?
food scarcity environments of our ancestors led humans' propensity to gorge when food is available.
Barbara wanted to study how self conscious emotions take on different meanings as an individual ages. She was not granted much time or money for her research. Which study would be best for her demands?
Organisms are in a constant struggle for food, water, and resources. Due to this struggle, many young will not survive. Those that do survive, will pass on their characteristics to the next generation. This is describing:
Tom and Jill's parents were very physically gifted as athletes. As a family, they watch sports on television, provide their children with as much sporting equipment as they need and always take the opportunity to encourage their children to play for fun or competitively. Tom and Jill being very good athletes is a likely outcome for them. This outcome is due to which heredity-environment correlation?
passive genotype-environment correlation
According to recent research, what is low birth weight highly associated with?
A mother who decides against a rooming in arrangement can be pretty sure that her infant will not be
increased risk for low birth weight, preterm delivery, and fetal death are all most common for which age group?
Over 35 yeares
which scenario best represents the moro reflex
baby Beth who arched her back and flung out her arms and legs
Kimberly, a mother of two, is planning to have a third child. Since both of her children are struggling with weight issues, Kimberly wants to show how she can give her third child a better chance at achieving a healthy weight. You should advocate that she do the following:
control her own weight during pregnancy
ensure that fruits are included in the baby's diet
bring her pre-pregnancy weight down to a healthy level
and DO NOT BOTTLE FEED HER BABY
Which scenario best represents damage to the occipital lobe?
baby Sophie washaving problems seeing after the fall
The ___ pattern of growth is the sequence in which growth starts at the center of the body and moves toward the extremities
Judy has a new baby at home. During this postpartum period, Judy will need to:
Learn how to take care of the baby and feel good about herself as a mother
During which period of development is the unborn baby MOST at risk of developing a structural defect due to the effects of a teratogen?
During the embryonic period
By the age of 6 months, babies typically:
have moved closer to adult-like sleep patterns
Which of the following is the Apgar scale especially good at determining?
The newborn's ability to respond to stress of delivery
Using his thumb and forefinger, baby Elijah was able to pick up his peas off the tray. This is known as the:
Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for SIDS?
using a pacifier
Which of the following is a feature of the embryonic period of fetal development?
formation of support systems for cells
The germinal period of development takes place in the ___ after conception
first two weeks
Whenever Christopher sees the neighbor, he will describe him as a boy. However, any male child other than that particular neighbor, he will not describe as a boy. This is an example of ______
Crying, cooing, babbling and gestures are the:
sequence of vocalization in infants
Some of the earliest emotions in infants expressed through facial expressions are called:
Baby Sarah loves peel-a-boo. She enjoys a peek a boo because:
her lack of object permanence
Allie was six months old. When Allies aunt smiled at her, she smiled back. This is an example of:
Because the frontal lobes are very immature before the age of three, this can cause ___ in individuals when trying to recall things from this time period.
An infant cooing to make a person stay near and then cooing again when that individual tries to leave would fall under which Piaget sensorimotor substage?
secondaring circular reaction
Which one of Erikson's crisis' determines whether or not an individual can rely upon the world?
trust vs. mistrust
The belief that children are prepared by nature with the ability to detect the sounds of language and follow the rules such as how to form plurals and ask questions would support the ____ theory
language acquisition device
The video of the experiment with Harlows monkeys showed us that:
Infant monkeys spent most of their time with the cloth monkey showing that touch comforts babies. It is the way they form attachment and it is more important to babies than food
Baby Kyra knew to grab her faborite rattle and thrust it in her mouth. Now, whenever she sees something similar in size and shape, such as daddy's expensive watch, she will thrust it into her mouth also. What is baby Kyra exhibiting?
Janie had just started walking before her first birthday. Janie's walking represents a:
The baby's father dangled the keys in front of her. At first she seemed really interested. After about 30 secs she became more vulnerable to distraction. This is an ex of :
Nine month old Jessie saw her little brother push a button on the box which produced a beeping sound. 24 hrs later Jessie pushed the same button on the box. This would support the research of:
A child believes that breaking one cup on purpose is worse than breaking 12 on accident would be exhibiting what type of moral reasoning?
What did Vygotsky dub the cognitive skills that are in the process of maturing
buds or flowers
On average, ___ are slightly larger than ___ during childhood.
A teacher helping a student with material he is not yet familiar with would be most aligned with whose view of mental and behavioral development?
According to Vygotsky, when young children talk to themselves they are using language to govern their behavior and guide themselves. What is this called?
Which child is more likely to develop moral behavior when they get older?
Alyssa, whose mom talks to her about what kidness means and brings her to the local senior center to volunteer
Which scenario best represents authoritative parenting
A mother talking to her child about why he is being punished.
According to Erikson, in early childhood, an individual struggles between being their own person and being guided by their conscience. What stage is this?
Initiative vs guilt
Jamie is in preschool. One day his teacher presents him with two same-sized cups with the exact same amount of liquid in each. She pours one cup into a bowl and the other cup into a taller slimmer cup than the original. The teacher then sets them next to each other and asks Jaime, which one has more liquid in it? Jamie answers the tall glass. This is an example of:
lack of conservation
between what ages to children prefer to play in groups made up of the same sex as theirs?
Three yr old Mandy is running around the house, jumping off chairs, and skipping to the beat of the music playing on the radio. On average, how should a parent perceive this behavior?
recognize it is a source of triumph for the child.
Danny almost started crying when he saw his best friend get hurt. Danny is exhibiting
How did Vygotsky believe thought and language developed in children?
independent of eachother at first.
Assisting the child just enough in the classroom for the child to accomplish a task is exactly what Vygotsky believed was the best way to nuture cognitive development. What theory does this align with?
Zone of proximal development
Which is NOT a proactive approact to teaching moral development?
punish the child when they misbehave
which scenario best represents a mental image?
Craig thinks of a dog with a jacket on that says K-9 to remember that K-9 means dog
Who is most likely to be affected by bullying?
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in U.S. children between the ages of:
Which scenario best represents preconventional morality?
individuals must obey because they fear punishment for disobedience
eight yr old Brett saw another boy his age playing with a doll. This did not effect Brett's attitude toward the boy. Whereas. eight yr old Jame saw another girl her age playing with a truck. She couldn't believe that the other girl was doing that because only boys play with trucks. Which statement best first with this scenario?
This scenario is untrue. Boys actually have more strict gender stereotypes than girls
The exercise "you can grow your brain" developed by Carol Dweck incorporated:
info about the brain's plasticity in students
A boy who has serios adjustment problems such as acting impulsively and trouble sustaining attention would be in which peer status?
Which statement is making a broad generalization on the basis of a high intelligence test score?
"she will be successful at anything she tries"
Which is NOT a likely outcome of bullying?
In terms of visuospatial skills:
girls have been found to perceive lower scores even though the difference is small
Japan spends __ time in teh classroom on math instruction, whereas, the US spends ___ time in teh classroom on math instruction.
A student's ability to monitor whether they have studied enough for a test that is coming up next week represents their:
Children gain an average of 5-7 pounds a year during which developmental periods?
middle and late childhood
A child that gives out reinforcements, listens carefully, controls their negative emotions and is self confident without being conceited would be in which peer status group?
Which scenario best represents a moderate level of mental retardation?
may be able to support themselves as adults and can reach the skill level of a second grader
which two statements best represent imaginary audience and personal fable (in that order)
"I cant go to school with this pimple on my forehead"
"Nobody understands what I am going through"
Cohabitating before marriage increases likelihood of:
Alissa, 15, gets upset over seemingly unimportant issues. What is the most likely reason?
Pre frontal cortex development has not caught up with the amygdala yet.
Parent: "I want you back by 10 pm"
Adolescent: "No way! that is way too early, how about 11 pm"
what would this conversation benefit?
adolescent struggle for autonomy
Holding a permanent full time job is
the most widely recognized marker of entry into adulthood
"Do I want to be an LPN or a psychologist? " " I am going to be an LPN" this conversation with oneself would be considered:
Do most teens have a positive self image?
Secure attachment to romantic partners in adulthood correlates with:
secure attachment to parents in childhood
In which setting would an adult be considered at their peak?
Dan, 29, who lifts weights
"Will I be loved or will I be alone?" best represents which of Erikson's stages?
intimacy vs isolation
Which best represents identity foreclosure?
Tim will go to the college his parents advise
Who is most likely to have a positive self image?
Vincent, who is going through puberty early
Who would be considered a novice in their setting?
Which individual would probably fall within a normal weight range?
Karen who has bulimia nervosa
Who is most likely going through menopause?
Debbie, 50, whose estrogen levels sharply decreased and is often fatigued and nauseated
Costa and McCrae's study showed a decrease in ____ during early adulthood.
According to research, which couple will most likely experience increased marital satisfaction?
Mike and Sarah's last child just left home to attend college
Dale, 59 went to the ear doctor for a check up. Which sounds is he most likely to struggle with?
Vallaint's research showed that at age 50, alcohol abuse and smoking are the best predictors of:
who would be dead at 75-80 yrs of age.
Ryan always looks forward to spending time with his grandparents. They always try to go to a baseball game or a park when they are together. Which grand parenting style are they exhibiting?
The ability to reason abstractly is also known as
Looking back on his life, Bill regrets working so many hours and not spending enough time with his family. Bill is exhibiting:
Which mother would most likely be concerned about her loss of privacy?
Tina, whose 23 yr old daughter is moving back home after college.
A decline in fertility is known as:
Which of the Big five research shows an increase in adolescence and early adulthood?
openness to experience
In general individuals in middle adulthood are better ____ than individuals in early adulthood because they have more experience.
Heart disease is:
the main cause of death in middle adulthood in the united states
A loss in sight and hearing would most likely be first experienced by an individual in
Cancer, heart disease, and stroke are:
the most common chronic disorders for men during middle age.
research has shown that a diet restricted in calories:
reduces the oxidative damage created by free radicals
research has shown a key way to reduce the risk of stroke, osteoporosis and breast cancer is through:
Alzheimer disease is:
the most common of the dementias
Uncle Harry has been losing his memory for over a year. He also has developed some fantastic ideas about aliens taking over the government, and on some occasions he requires visitors to give the password before letting them into his apartment. Uncle Harry appears to have:
Boredom, lack of motivation, and listlessness are all linked to ____ in later adulthood
An individual who is 65-74 yrs of age falls under which category?
What involves exceptional insight into human development and how to cope with difficult life problems?
Major depression is also known as:
The "common cold" of mental disorders
For a 65 yr old individual, an increase in illness and disease is usually the reason for:
the decline in alcohol intake
What is the likely outcome of an elderly individual, who lives in a nursing home, taking an assertiveness training course?
reduced stress levels
The type of knowledge about the self and life skills that help us master or cope with life that may improve in old age are known as:
According to research, cognitive ability in older adults is the best predictor of:
Regular walking has been shown to:
decrease the onset of physical disability in late adulthood.
The average __ of an individual born in the US has increased 30 years since 100 to ___
life expectancy; 78 yrs of age
Aging, due to the decay of ___ within the cells, is called the ____ theory