The Odyssey-Characters

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Ms. Moraine. Midterm. 7th period. Characters to know

Odysseus

Grandson of Acresius and Autolycus, son of Laertes and Anticlea, husband of Penelope, father of Telemachus, king of Ithaca, and the surrounding islands

Penelope

daughter of Icarius, wife of Odysseus, mother of Telemachus, queen of Ithaca

Telemachus

grandson of Laertes and Antecleia, son of Odysseus and Penelope, heir to the throne of Ithaca,

Laertes

son of Acresius, husband of Anticleia, father of Odysseus,

Anticleia

daughter of Autolycus, wife of Laertes, mother of Odysseus

Menelaus

son of Atreus, king of Lacedaemon, brother of Agamemnon, husband of Helen,

Nestor

son of Neleus, king of the Pylians, father of Antilochus, Pisistratus, Thrasymedes and others; the oldest of the Achaen chieftains.

Aelous

1. master of the winds 2. father of Cretheus

Alcinous

king of the Phaecians, husband of Arete, father of Nausicaa

Helen

daughter of Zeus and Leda, wife of Menelaus, consort of Paris; her abduction by him from Sparta caused the Trojan war

Pisistratus

son of Nestor, who accompanies Telemachus to Sparta

Nausicaa

daughter of Alcinous and Arete

Calypso

goddess-nymph, daughter of Atlas, who makes her home on the island of Ogygia

Ino

(Leucothea) daughter of Cadmus, once a mortal and now a sea-nymph

Circe

goddess and enchantress of Aeaea, who changes men into swine

Clytemnestra

daughter of Leda and Tyndareus, queen of Argos, wife of Agamemnon, lover of Aegisthus, and mother of Orestes

Cicones

Trojan allies, living in Thrace, to the north of Troy

Lotus Eaters

legendary people visited by Odysseus, they live on a plant whose fruit induces stupor and forgetfulness of home

Polyphemus

Cyclops, son of Poseidon and Thoosa, blinded by Odysseus

Laestrygonians

legendary clan of giant cannibals

Tiresias

blind seer of Thebes, who retains his prophetic powers even in the underworld

Sirens

enchantresses of the sea, whose song can tempt a sailor to his ruin

Scylla

man-eating, 6 headed monster that lives in a cliffside cavern opposite the whirlpool of Charybdis

Charybdis

monster in the form of a giant pool, located across from Scylla

Eurycleia

the old nurse of Odysseus and Telemachus, attendant of Penelope

Eumaeus

swineherd of Odysseus

Philoetius

cowherd loyal to Odysseus

Melantho

daughter of Dolius, maid of Penelope

Melanthius

son of Dolius, goatherd

Athena

or Pallas Athena, goddess, daughter of Zeus, defender of the Achaeans. A patron human ingenuity and resourcefulness, whether exemplified by handicrafts, such as spinning and weaving, or by skill in human relations, such as that possessed Odysseus, her favorite among the Greeks

Zeus

king of the gods, son of Cronus and Rhea, brother and husband of Hera, father of the Olympians and many mortals too. His spheres include the sky and the weather, hospitality and the rights of guests and suppliants, the punishment of injustice, the sending of omens, and the governance of the universe, controlled to some extent by Fate as well

Helios

the Sun

Hermes

god, son of Zeus and Maia, messenger of the gods, giant-killer, and guide of dead souls to the underworld and Olympus

Proteus

the Old Man of the Sea, servant of Poseidon and father of Eidothea

Poseidon

god of the sea, son of Cronus and Rhea, younger brother of Zeus, father of Polyphemus, throughout the Odyssey an inveterate enemy of Odysseus

Hades

the god of the underworld

Antinous

son of Eupithes, one of the two leading suitors

Eurymachus

one of the two leading suitors, son of Polybus, and killed by Odysseus

Agamemnon

king of Mycenae, son of Atreus, husband of Clytemnestra, murdered by her and Aegisthus; brother of Menelaus, supreme commander of all Achaea's armies and leader of the largest contingent at Troy

Orestes

son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra,and the avenger of his father

Achilles

son of Peleus and Thetis, grandson of Aeacus, and commander of the Myrmidons, Achaean allies at Troy

Elpenor

companion of Odysseus

Aegisthus

son of Thyestes, seducer of Cyltemnestra and murder of Agamemnon, killed by Orestes

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