Religion Chapter 4 Test

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What is the stage called that covers Jesus' life until He begins His public ministry?

The Historical Jesus (stage 1)

When did Stage 1- The Historical Jesus take place?

6 BC - 30 AD

Jesus was born in ________ during the reign of Herod the Great.

Bethlehem

Who was a cruel ruler who governed Palestine and killed his sons to keep the throne?

Herod the Great

Who was Jesus' mother and father?

Mary and Joesph

Mary and Joesph were both related to ________ ________.

King David

Jesus' hometown was ______ located in the region of Galilee.

Nazareth

When does Jesus begin His public ministry?

28 - 30 AD

How did Jesus begin His public ministry?

By teaching and healing people through the proclamation of God's reign

Before He is crucified by Pontius Pilate, Jesus formed a group of _______ to carry on His work.

Apostles

What was the stage called after Jesus' Resurrection, His disciples preach, teach, and worship in His name as guided by the Holy Spirit.

Oral Tradition (stage 2)

When did Stage 2 - Oral Tradition take place?

30 - 50 AD

What are the 3 forms of preaching in the Oral Tradition stage?

- Unbelievers
- Didache
- Liturgy

The disciples used their knowledge of Jesus' works, death, resurrection, and ascension as well as passages from the Hebrew scriptures to show how the prophecies made about the Messiah were fulfilled in Jesus.

Who was this directed to?

Unbelievers

The disciples put together lists of various _____ and _____ of Jesus to help them teach and preach their message which became known as the "kerygma".

Miracles and parables

What is a Greek word that means "proclamation"?

Kergyma

What were the disciples proclaiming?

That Christ is Lord

The _______ was more detailed instructions for early Christian converts who needed further knowledge about how to live Christ-like.

Didache

What is a Greek word that means "teaching"?

Didache

What early Eucharistic celebrations recalled key events, teachings, and prayers of Jesus such as His words at the Last Supper, the Lord's Prayer, and the Creed?

Liturgy

What is the final stage in the process that wrote Gospels about Jesus and various directions for Christian living?

Written Letters and Gospels (stage 3)

When did Stage 3 - Written Letters and Gospels take place?

50 - 110 AD

How many reasons were there as to why the early Christians committed their preaching into writing?

3

The __________________ was not coming as quickly as the early Christians at first thought it would. This is one reason why the early Christians committed their preaching into writing.

The end of the world

Believing that it was more urgent to ______ the gospel and ______ for the Lord's return, many eyewitnesses did not record heir testimony and began to die or be martyred.

- Preach
- Prepare

Some Christians began to _____ the true meaning of the Gospel. This is one reason why the early Christians committed their preaching into writing.

Distort

More _______ was needed for Christians, therefore, a written _____ of the Apostle's preaching could be a helpful teaching tool. This is one reason why the early Christians committed their preaching into writing.

- Instruction
- Record

The circulation of such writings could aid growing Christian communities by helping new converts maintain proper belief or serving as written guides in ______ preparation.

Sermon

What refers to looking at biblical text in its historical and literary context, the customs and philosophy at the time the events took place and were written, and the forms in which the materials were recorded?

Biblical Criticism

What seeks to understand what really took place behind a particular biblical text as well as its historical context?

Historical Criticism

________ ________ usually dates techniques, archeology, and historical research to document and verify a biblical text.

Historical Criticism

What seems odd about the method of farming used by the sower in Luke 8:5-8?

He planted seeds in very odd places that wouldn't grow and one good place. That one good place grew hundreds.

What explains that farmers in Jesus' day sowed the seeds at first and then plowed the ground whereas today, farmers do the opposite?

Historical research

How would the shallow and rocky soil in Palestine might end up to be good soil?

After plowing

________ ________ attempts to discover the source of the materials that the different evangelists used to construct their gospels.

Source Criticism

What are the three stages of Gospel Formation in order?

- The Historical Jesus
- Oral Tradition
- Written Letters and Gospels

What does the term "gospel" mean?

Good news

What refers to the teachings of Christ and the Apostles, or something accepted as unquestionably true?

Gospels

What are the synoptic gospels?

Matthew, Mark, and Luke

What does the term "synoptic" mean?

To look at together

When the gospels are lined up in ______ _______, they revealed many similarities.

Parallel columns

Although the gospels contain biographical elements, they are not _________ of Jesus.

Biographies

The Gospels are _____ summaries that testify to the meaning of Jesus as Lord and Savior, however, its main purpose is to allow people to become _____ to Christ; to instruct and inspire people to believe in Him.

- Faith
- Witnesses

________ ______ studies small units of a text rather than the whole/entire document in order to determine how each unit took shape in the period of oral tradition before the gospels were written.

Form Criticism

Form Criticism identifies the ______ ______ that are used by the biblical author.

Literary Forms

Each _____ _____ has its own rules for composition and presents theological truth in a different way.

Literary form

What is a miracle story of a physical healing or exorcism that usually follows these elements: an introduction, a request for help, Jesus' intervention, a result and reaction?

Healing/exorcism

What is a miracle story that usually involves a powerful sign that shows Jesus' mastery over the elements of nature.

Nature Miracle

What is a vivid short story used to convey a greater religious truth?

Parable

What is a deliberately exaggerated saying that is used to highlight to topic under discussion?

Hyperbole

These were read or sung in early liturgies and later incorporated into the gospels.

Hymn/prayer

______ ______ focuses on the evangelists as editors as well as how and why they arranged their materials the way they did.

Redaction Criticism

What does the term "redact" mean?

To edit for publication

Redaction _______ try to discover the particular theological insight of the given writer and how this influenced his arrangement of the material.

Critics

Each evangelist wrote for a particular ________.

Audience

Each evangelist had a particular theological ______ he wished to focus on in his own presentation of the good news.

Theme

_______ _______ discovers how the theology of each evangelist and the needs of his audience helped shape his final work.

Redaction Criticism

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