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extensively

to a great extent

metaphysics

the branch of philosophy that deals with the first principles of things, including abstract concepts such as being, knowing, identity, time, and space.

phenomenology

the science of phenomena as distinct from that of the nature of being

ethics

the philosophical study of moral values and rules

epistemology

the philosophical theory of knowledge

speculation

a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjecturing (usually with little hard evidence)

unsympathetic

lacking in sympathy and kindness

procedural

applying to methods of enforcement and rules of procedure

reification

make (something abstract) more concrete or real

nihilism

Philosophy the belief that nothing in the world has a real existence

holy city

phrases used to refer to Heaven (đất thánh)

monk

a male religious living in a cloister and devoting himself to contemplation and prayer and work (thầy chùa)

liable

held legally responsible

noble truth

having or showing fine personal qualities or high moral principles:

fulfilment

a feeling of satisfaction at having achieved your desires

temporarily

for a limited time only

optimistic

expecting the best

the zest for life

niềm say mê của cuộc đời

cease

terminate, gone...

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect

Commandments

God's laws (lời răn)

deprived

bị tước đoạt

embrace

a close affectionate and protective acceptance

indulgent

tolerant or lenient

austere

practicing great self-denial

Livelihood

Means of making a living or providing financial support

sermon

an address of a religious nature (usually delivered during a church service) - bài giảng

symbolising

the act of representing something with a symbol

cyclic

recurring in cycles

in essence

being the essence or essential element of a thing

causality

the relation between causes and effects

revelation

an enlightening or astonishing disclosure

spontaneously

resulting from a natural feeling

Dependant origination

is similar to cause and effect, and closely links to the Four Noble Truths. Desire causes suffering, one is dependent on the other. Following the path causes desire to reduce and so causes suffering to be reduced.

woven

dệt

benevolent

having or showing or arising from a desire to promote the welfare or happiness of others

divine

being or having the nature of a god

Jews

Do thái

authoritarian

characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

dogma

giáo điều, , a religious doctrine that is proclaimed as true without proof

doctrine

(n.) a belief, principle, or teaching; a system of such beliefs or principles; a formulation of such beliefs or principles

persistence

the act of persisting or persevering (bền chí, kiên trì)

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