the language, values, beliefs, traditions, and customs people share and learn.
the culture, to a great extent, is a matter of _________ and _________
perception and definition
groups with which we identify
label given to groups that we view as different
the part of the self-concept that is based on membership in groups
term used to describe the perception of membership in a group that is part of an encompassing culture
age, race, and sexual orientation would all be considered what in North American Society
the process that occurs when members of two or more cultures or co-cultures exchange messages in a manner that is influenced by their different cultural perceptions and symbol systems, both verbal and nonverbal.
how much weight we attach to a particular person or phenomenon
uses language primarily to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas as directly as possible.
relies heavily on subtle, often nonverbal cues to maintain social harmony
majority of information carried in explicit verbal messages, with less focus on the situational context (low or high)
self-expression valued. communicators state opinions and desires directly and strive to persuade others to accept their viewpoint. (high or low)
clear, eloquent speech considered praiseworthy. verbal fluency admired (high or low)
important information carried in contextual cues such as time, place, relationship, situation. less reliance on explicit verbal messages. (high or low)
relational harmony valued and maintained by indirect expression of options. communicators abstain from saying "no" directly.
communicators talk "around" the point, allowing the others to fill in the missing pieces. ambiguity and use of silence admired.
view their primary responsibility as helping themselves. Also characterized by self-reliance and competition
feel loyalties and obligations to an in-group. attentive to and concerned with the opinions of significant others.
the degree to which members of a society accept an unequal distribution of power.
reflects the degree to which members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous situations and how much they try to avoid them.
describes societies that place a high value on material success and a focus on the task at hand
a descriptive term for cultures that regard the support of relationships as an especially important goal
an attitude that one's own culture is superior to others
an unfairly biased and intolerant attitude toward others who belong to an out-group