The French Revolution and Napoleon

47 terms by itzyourboyjake 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Old Regime

The political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution. Monarchs here were absolute.

Enlightenment

a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions

First Estate

the clergy in France and the heads of the church in Britain (include both higher and lower clergy)

Second Estate

the nobility in France and the peerage in Britain.

Third Estate

the commons

Bourgeoisie

the social class between the lower and upper classes

Estates-General

The French national assembly summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the ancient regime. The legislative branch of the French Government. For over 300 years, no laws were created. Block voting, which is for every estate. Legislative branch.

Corvee

unpaid labor (as for the maintenance of roads) required by a lord of his vassals in lieu of taxes, service for the government

Taille

(in France before 1789) A tax levied on the common people by the king or an overlord. Basically, a land tax.

Tithe

an offering of a tenth part of some personal income to the Church. The first and second estate are excused from this.

Jacques Necker

financial expert of Louis XVI, he advised Louis to reduce court spending, reform his government, abolish tarriffs on internal trade, but the First and Second Estates got him fired

Block Voting

when shareholders decide to vote alike

Tennis Court Oath

vow by members of the 3rd estate not to disband until a constitution was written

July 14th, 1789

The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. While the prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.

Factions

conflicting groups

The Great Fear

When the peasants were afraid that the nobles would send robbers to kill them. It was a result of the storming of Bastille.
(create a semi-circle in notebook)

Gabelle

Tax on salt and flour (flours can be called a staple) during pre-revolutionary France-included in the Estate's list of grievances.

Paris Commune

The small government in Paris who wanted to resist the conservative leaders of France and tried to form their own government

Girondist

a member of the moderate republican party during the French Revolution

Deceleration of the Rights of Man

this was based on the ideas of the Enlightenment that the revolutionaries wanted to follow. It can be considered the blue print of the revolution

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

A document, issued by the National Assembly in July 1790, that broke ties with the Catholic Church and established a national church system in France with a process for the election of regional bishops. The document angered the pope and church officials and turned many French Catholics against the revolutionaries.

Constitution of 1791

One of the basic precepts of the revolution was adopting constitutionality and establishing popular sovereignty, following the steps of the United States of America

Emigres

French nobility who fled country to escape the Revolution

Deceleration of Pilnitz

issued by King of Prussia and emperor of Austria, 2 monarchs threatened to intervene to protect the French monarch, bluff but revolutionaries took it seriously

Assignats

Paper currency, the French churches were used as collateral -the first French paper currency issued by the General Assembly.

Sans-culottes

in the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages

National Convention

the meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.

Suffrage

a legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution

Committee of Public Safety

The leaders under Robespierre who organized the defenses of France, conducted foreign policy, and centralized authority during the period 1792-1795.

Maximillien Robepierre

member of the Estates-General and wanted abolish slavery

Reign of Terror

the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed

Constitution of 1795

re-established property rights for voting

Nationalism

love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it

Napoleon Bonaparte

French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821)

Coup detat

A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group

Plebiscite

a vote by the electorate determining public opinion on a question of national importance

Concordat of 1801

This is the agreement between Pope Pius VII and Napoleon that healed the religious division in France by giving the French Catholics free practice of their religion and Napoleon political power

Code Napoleon

The codification and condensation of laws assuring legal equality and uniformity in France.

Continental System

Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.

Joseph Bonaparte

Napoleon's brother, made king of Spain but unable to control the Spanish which led to the costly Peninsula War.

Louis Bonaparte

Elected president of France following general election. Won 70% of the votes because of his name. Bonaparte later changed the government to an empire w/himself as emperor just like his uncle, the original Napoleon.

Czar Alexander I

the czar of Russia whose plans to liberalize the government of Russia were unrealized because of the wars with Napoleon (1777-1825)

Abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations

Battle of Waterloo

the battle on 18 June 1815 in which Napoleon met his final defeat

Congress of Vienna

conservative, reactionary meeting, led by Prince Metternich, restore Europe to Prerevolution time

Ostracism

the state of being banished or ostracized (excluded from society by general consent)

St. Helena

island owned by the British and the final exile of Napoleon

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set