womens role was to become wife and mother
no school to attend
americans of africans descent
fever opportunities to attend school.
available to groups previously denied when colleges and universities admitted women and minorities.
reformers focused on disabilities
hearing and visually impaired.
educate public as to poor conditions existing for inmates and the mentally ill.
writers ralph waldo emerson and henry david thoreua stressed ralation between humanity and natural world importance of individual conscience. poets henry wadsworth longfellow, walt whitman, and emily dickinson created impressive works in literature harriet beecher stowes.
uncle toms slavery
explored injustice of slavery.