History Test #10: Economic Growth After the War TERMS

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century of dishonor

was written by Helen Hunt Jackson which pointed out how poorly the Indians were treated.

reservations

Indians were placed on _, which were areas of land set aside specifically for them to live

drake's folly

is the nickname for when E. Drake searched for oil but no one believed he would discover any; however, it turned out to be a huge success

one big union theory

included higher wages and a shorter work day

haymarket riot

was an affair when a striker threw a bomb into a police line and seven police officers and several workers died in the chaos that followed

populous party

demanded that people have a greater voice in government and seek to advance the interests of farmers and laborers

strike

means to stop working as a collective form of protest against an employer, often to achieve a specific aim.

rockefeller

established the Standard Oil Company

carnegie

led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century

terence powerdly

was one of the leaders of the Knights of Labor

hh jackson

wrote the book A Century of Dishonor

edwin l drake

successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil near Titusville, PA

s gompers

formed the American Federation of Labor

oh kelley

started the Patrons of Husbandry, an organization for farmers that became popularly known as the Grange

uriah stevens

formed the American Federation of Labor

hayes

won the disputed election of 1876 against Tilden

pullman strike

was a strike when strikers turned violent and president Grover Cleveland had to send in federal troops

wabash case

was a Supreme Court decision that severely limited the rights of states to control interstate commerce

wabash case

led to the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission

closed shop

is a place of work where membership in a union is a condition for being hired and for continued employment

robber barons

Critics called industrialists _ _ because of tactic of industrialization

wormley comference

was a meeting to resolve the disputed U.S. presidential election of 1876 between S. Tilden and R. Hayes

cleveland

was a democratic president of the United States

eugene v debs

formed the first major industrial union - the American Railway Union

major chivington

led his troops to Sand Creek, where they killed over 150 inhabitants, mostly women and children

munn v illinois

was an 1877 case in which the Supreme Court upheld states' regulation of railroads for the benefit of farmers and consumers, thus establishing the right of government to regulate private industry to serve the public interest

molly maguires

were a secret Irish-American organization that consisted mainly of coal miners

john l lewis

was the leader of the United Mine Workers of America, who protested low wages and long workdays

monopoly

is a situation in which one company controls an industry or is the only provider of a product or service

capital

is money that can be used to produce future wealth

dawes act

was a law, enacted in 1887, that was intended to "Americanize" Native Americans by distributing reservation land to individual owners

injunctions

are acts of ordering somebody to do or not to do something

American Federation of Labor

was an alliance of trade and craft unions, formed in 1886

Congress of Industrial Organization

was a labor organization expelled from the American Federation of Labor in 1938

Knights of Labor

was formed by Uriah Stevens, which focused on individual workers

rebates

is money that is paid back

Interstate Commerce Act

was a law, enacted in 1887, that reestablished the federal government's right to supervise railroad activities and created a five-member Interstate Commerce Commission to do so

grange

the Patrons of Husbandry, are a social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century

standard oil company

formed by John D. Rockefeller

homestead strike

was an industrial strike ending in a battle between strikers and private security agents in 1892

sherman antitrust act

was a law, enacted in 1890, that was intended to prevent the creation of monopolies by making it illegal to establish trusts that interfered with free trade

pooling

was agreements between railroads to divided competitive businesses, sometimes by dividing traffic but usually by dividing income

titusville

was the location of the drilling of the first oil well

yellow dog contracts

is a contract between a worker and an employer in which the worker agrees not to remain in or join a union

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