Chapter 10 part 2 (Brain)

43 terms by chelseapink 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Brain

cerebrum

largest part of the brain

limbic system

called the emotional brain

thalamus

We first become aware of pain at this level of the diencephalon; however, this structure does not allow us to determine the type of pain or locate the source of the pain.

medulla oblongata

part of the brain stem that connects the brain to the spinal cord

parietal lobe

the central sulcus separates the frontal lobe from this lobe

brain stem

composed of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata

hypothalamus

part of the dienciphalon that controls the pituitary gland; also helps control the autonomic nervous system, water balance, and body temperature

cerebrum

part of the brain that is divided into the right and left hemispheres

diencephalon

composed of the thalamus and the hypothalamus

pons

this structure means bridge; it helps regulate breathing rate and rhythm

corpus callosum

bands of white matter that join the right and left cerebral hemispheres

frontal lobe

the precentral gyrus of this cerebral lobe is the major motor cortex; nerve impulses that originate in the motor area control voluntary muscle activity

parietal lobe

the postcentral gyrus of this cerebral lobe is the primary somatosensory area

frontal lobe

plays key role in personality development, emotional and behavioral expression, and performance of high level thinking and learning tasks

temporal lobe

Cerebral lobe that contains the auditory cortex (hearing) and the olfactory area (smell)

medulla oblongata

Part of the brain stem called the vital center because it regulates vital processes such as blood pressure, heart rate, and respirations

medulla oblongata

part of the brain stem that contains the vomiting center

frontal lobe

cerebral lobe that contains the frontal eye fields

frontal lobe

cerebral lobe that controls motor speech

frontal lobe

crossing of most motor fibers occurs here

frontal lobe

a motor homunculus lives here

parietal lobe

a sensory homunculus lives here

occipital lobe

cerebral lobe that is primarily concerned with vision

thalamus

part of the diencephalon that acts as a relay and sorting station for most sensory fibers

reticular formation

this widespread group of cells is concerned with the sleep-wake cycle and consciousness; signals passing from this structure to the cerebral cortex keep us awake

frontal lobe

cerebral lobe that contains Broca's area

occipital lobe

Damage to this cerebral lobe causes cortical blindness

medulla oblongata

part of the brain stem that contains the emetic center

cerebellum

brain structure that protrudes from under the occipital lobe; concerned primarily with the coordination of skeletal muscle activity

temporal lobe

damage to this cerebral lobe causes cortical deafness

medulla oblongata

part of the brain stem that receives information form the chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ)

cerebrum

composed of the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes

frontal lobe

cerebral lobe that functions as the CEO (chief executive officer)

precentral gyrus

convolution located on the frontal lobe immediately anterior to the central sulcus

gyrus

a bump or elevation on the surface of the cerebrum

sulcus

a shallow groove found on the surface of the brain

fissure

a deep groove found on the surface of the brain

gyrus

also called a convolution

postcentral gyrus

convolution that is located on the parietal lobe immediately posterior to the central sulcus

central sulcus

sulcus that separates the frontal lobe from the parietal lobes

lateral sulcus

groove that separates the temporal lobe from the frontal and parietal lobes

longitudinal fissure

deep groove that separates the left and right hemispheres

central sulcus

sulcus that separates the primary motor cortex from the primary somatosensory cortex

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set