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Appeasement

the idea that by giving in to another country demands a war could be avoided

Demilitarized zone

an area where no military troops are allowed

Rome-Berlin axis

the alliance between Germany and Italy- they planned to be the "axis around which Europe revolved"

Blitzkreig

"lightning war"- an all out attack using tanks, soldiers, and airplanes tp defeat an enemy

D-day

the naval invasion of Normandy, France by Allied Powers

Franklin Roosevelt

president during most of World War two

Harry Truman

vice president under Roosevelt. Assumed command upon Roosevelt's death

Dwight Eisenhower

US general in of American troops in Europe. Later is elected president

Island Hopping

US war strategy in the Pacific of fighting on an island to island basis

Hiroshima

first Japanese city to be hit with an atomic bomn on August 6, 1945

Nagasaki

second Japanese city to be hit with an atomic bomb on August 9, 1945

Nuremberg Laws

laws that robbed German Jews of their citizenship

Trials at Nuremberg

the trials after World War two when former Nazi leaders were put on trials for war crimes

Gestapo

Hitler's police that were hired to torture and exterminate Jews

Final Solution

Hitler's plan to rid Jews

Anti-Semitism

a hatred of Jews

Concentration/Labor camps

prisons where Jews were sent to be exterminated

Holocaust

mass murder of six millon Jews and 6 millon other "undesirables" in World War two

Death camps

places where Jews were sent to be exterminated

Resistance/Partisans

brave citizens who worked to help Jews hide or escape

Allied Forces

thecountries of France,Great Britain,Russia,and the Us that joined forces to fight the Nazis

Ghetto

sealed areas inside of cities where Jews were forced to live in horrible conditions

Aryan Race

Hitler's idea of a perfect human-white, non-Jewish Germans

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