Poem that tells a story.
Poem that deals with emotions, feelings, thoughts.
Poem about the separation of lovers. Very emotional moment or experience. Separation at dawn.
Song, or a poem with a song-like qualities. Will often have refrains lines that repeat throughout the poem.
Poem that has a definite speaker who speaks to a particular person.
Poem about death, mourning, or somber reflection. Often times about a pparticular person who has died. Syn: dirge.
Poem that celebrates. Poem of praise for a person, object or event.
Originally, a celebration of the simple, rustic life of shepherds. Evolved to refer to any rural theme, idealizing the uncomplicated coutnry life. Syn: Idyllic.
Poem of sex 6-line stanzas (sestets) with an ending tercet (three line stanza). Intricate repetition using the ending words in each sestet.
Fourteen line poem
(Shakespearean and Elizabethan): has three quatrains and an ending couplet.
Divided into an octave or octet and a sestet.
A series of three-line stanzas (tercets) with a defined, "interlocking" rhyme scheme. Most are written in iambic pentameter, but the established meter remains the same throughout the poem.
A nineteen line poe with 5 three-line stanzas and an ending quatrain.
The use of figures of speech to create vivid images that appeal to one of the senses, a "picture in words"
A direct comparison of two dissimilar objects. A metaphor may be developed over more than one line.
A metaphor that is repeated or continuous through stanzas or the entire poem. Depending on its use, an extended metaphor could also be considered a controlling image if it dominates the entire work.
Another name for an extended metaphor. A conceit is a "more-startling" metaphor. The conceit can also be the controlling image. The conceit is prevalent in metaphysical poetry.
Something is purposely represented as being far less important than it actually is.
Affirming with a negative
A reference in the work to literature, history, mythology, famous people, characters, or events outside of the work. Adds depth by making a subtle or implicit connection.
A direct address to an absent or dead person, or to an object, quality or idea that are oftentimes personified.
Using an attribute of something as an association of the entirety.
Using one part of an object to represent the entirety
Something in nature that has human emotions
Using multiple sensory descriptions
Words, sounds, phrases, lines, or elements of syntax that repeat.
The repetition of initial soudns in consecutive or nearly consecutive words
The repetition of vowel sounds
The repetition of consonants
Hash, clashing word soudns. It is also called dissonance
Pleasing, calm, melodious word soudns
The repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences.
Changing the normal or grammatical sequence in a line. Inversion is used to place emphasis on a word or idea, or it is used for rhyme, rhythm or meter.
A pause in a line of poety that is brought about by punctuation or the natural rhythm of the language
the continuation of one line of a poem to the next line. It may continue the grammatical structure and/or the thought.
A poem "free" or regulat meter and rhyme. May have irregulat line lengths or fragments, and non-conventional uses of grammar, punctuation and capitalization. "Free" of conventions, yet very deliberate in its use of words and form.
Lines in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Repetition of the same sound at the end of a line
Repetition of the same sound on the last accented syllable
Couplets in iambic pentameter ending in a masculine rhyme
Repetition of the same sound at the last unaccented syllable
Off rhyme, Slant rhyme, Near rhyme
Inexact, but close rhyme
Rhyme that occurs within the line
Rhyme at the beginning of the line
Words that look like they should rhyme but don't
Representation of the pattern of rhyme in a poem expressed with use of the alphabet
The patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables.
The analysis of the meter of a poem
1 unaccented syllable, 1 accented syllable
1 accented syllable, 1 unaccented syllable
2 accented syllables
2 unaccented syllables, 1 accented syllable
1 accented syllable, 2 unaccented syllables