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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Conditioned reinforcers
  2. Reinforcer
  3. Negative punishment
  4. Partial/Intermittent reinforcement
  5. Cognitive map
  1. a responses are sometimes; learning is slower and random, but extinction is less likely compared to continious reinforcement, such as gambling, sales pitching or fishing
  2. b reinforcers that are strengthened through learned associations of primary reinforcers; the light in B.F Skinners operant chamber or receiving food after completing a conditioned task
  3. c a mental representation of the layout of one's environment
  4. d any event that strengthens the the behavior that follows; B.F Skinner
  5. e withdraw a desirable stimulus such as time-out from privilages or revoked drivers license

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. provide reinforcers after an unpredictable number of responses; gambling; like fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcers increase as the number of responses increases
  2. Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely
  3. operant conditioning research chamber that contains a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer; have helped understand what conditions efficient and lasting learning; B.F Skinner
  4. the method involves the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations to the final performance; B.F Skinner
  5. behaviors that operate on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimuli

5 True/False questions

  1. Discriminationoccurs when an organism learns that certain response, but not others, will be reinforced


  2. Continious reinforcementstrengthens a response by presenting a typically pleasurable stimulus after a response, such as food, money or tickets


  3. Generalizationoccurs when an organism's response to similar stimuli is also reinforced


  4. Shapingdecreases the frequency of a preceding behavior


  5. B.F Skinnermodern behaviorism's most influential figure that elaborated on the law of effect deemed by Edward L Thorndike; pioneer of operant conditioning who believed that everything we do is determined by our past history of rewards and punishments


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