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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Generalization
  2. Operant conditioning
  3. Latent learning
  4. Primary reinforcers
  5. Positive reinforcement
  1. a strengthens a response by presenting a typically pleasurable stimulus after a response, such as food, money or tickets
  2. b occurs when an organism's response to similar stimuli is also reinforced
  3. c a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished by punishment
  4. d stimuli, such as food or warmth, that have reinforcement value without learning
  5. e learning that become apperent only when there is some incentive to demonstrate it

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. decreases the frequency of a preceding behavior
  2. operant conditioning research chamber that contains a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer; have helped understand what conditions efficient and lasting learning; B.F Skinner
  3. occurs when an organism learns that certain response, but not others, will be reinforced
  4. a procedure in which reinforcers, such as food, are to guide the organism into the desired behavior; B.F Skinner
  5. the method involves the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations to the final performance; B.F Skinner

5 True/False questions

  1. Operant trainingworks best when it builds on an animal's natural behavior tendencies


  2. Variable-ratio schedulesprovide reinforcers after an unpredictable number of responses; gambling; like fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcers increase as the number of responses increases


  3. Respondent behaviorclassical conditioning; actions that are automatic responses to a stimulus; salivating in response to meat powder and later to a tone


  4. Fixed-ratio schedulesreinforce behavior after a set number of responses, such as a free dish of ice cream after every 25 purchases


  5. Conditioned reinforcersreinforceing the desired response everytime it occurs in which learning occurs rapidly until mastery, although extinction occurs rapidly as well


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