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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Operant behavior
  2. Successive approximation
  3. Law of effect
  4. Primary reinforcers
  5. Operant training
  1. a the method involves the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations to the final performance; B.F Skinner
  2. b behaviors that operate on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimuli
  3. c works best when it builds on an animal's natural behavior tendencies
  4. d stimuli, such as food or warmth, that have reinforcement value without learning
  5. e Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. strengthens a response by reducing or removing something undesirable or unpleasant; is not punishment, but removes an aversive event
  2. a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished by punishment
  3. classical conditioning; actions that are automatic responses to a stimulus; salivating in response to meat powder and later to a tone
  4. any event that strengthens the the behavior that follows; B.F Skinner
  5. occurs when an organism learns that certain response, but not others, will be reinforced

5 True/False questions

  1. Conditioned reinforcersreinforcers that are strengthened through learned associations of primary reinforcers; the light in B.F Skinners operant chamber or receiving food after completing a conditioned task


  2. Fixed-ratio schedulesreinforce behavior after a set number of responses, such as a free dish of ice cream after every 25 purchases


  3. Partial/Intermittent reinforcementresponses are sometimes; learning is slower and random, but extinction is less likely compared to continious reinforcement, such as gambling, sales pitching or fishing


  4. Variable-interval schedulesreinforce the first response after a fixed time period that produce rapid response near time of reinforcement; checking more frequently to see if a cake has finished rising


  5. Shapingdecreases the frequency of a preceding behavior


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