What clues did bacterial transformation yield about the gene?
The nucleic acid DNA stores and transmits genetic information from one generation of bacteria to the next.
(genetics) modification of a cell or bacterium by the uptake and incorporation of exogenous DNA
What role did bacterial viruses play in identifying genetic material?
DNA is the genetic material of all living things
What is the role of DNA in heredity?
The DNA that makes up genes must be capable of storing, copying, and transmitting the genetic information in a cell.
What are the chemical components of DNA?
DNA is a nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined into long strands or chains by covalent bonds
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
What role does DNA polymerase play in copying DNA?
DNA polymerase is an enzyme that joins individual nucleotides to produce a new strand of DNA
How does DNA replication differ in prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells?
Replication in prokaryotic cells starts a single point and proceeds in two directions until all of the chromosome is copied. In eukaryotic cells, replication begins at a larger, varied amount of places on the DNA molecule, proceeding in both directions until each chromosome is all copied.
The molecule that transfers each amino acid to the ribosome as it is specified by the coded messages of mRNA
the ordering of nucleotides in DNA molecules that carries the genetic information in living cells
Types of mutations that result from insertion or deletion of a single nucleotide into the normal DNA sequence.