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Fascism

aggressive nationalist movement that considered the nation more important than the individual and believed that order in society would come only through a dictator who led a strong gov't, very anticommunist

Benito Mussolini

-founded italy'd facist party
-exploited fears of communism in order to make facism seem safe and appealing.
-pledged to return italy to glory days of the roman empire
-with help of blackshirts (facist militia) he took over

Vladimir Lenin

-led communist party
-established communist gov'ts throughout the roman empire
-institute one party rule, suppressed individual liberties, and punished opponents

Joseph Stalin

-won struggle for power after lenin died
-new soviet dictator
-industrialized country
"five-year plans"

Collectives

family farms were combined and turned into gov't owned farms

Adolf Hitler

-anticommunist
-rebel
-"nazi party"-german workers party
-nationalistic

The Neutrality Acts

-neutrality act of 1935-made it illegal for americans to sell arms to any country in at war.
-2nd neutrality act-banning sale of arms to either side in a civil war
-neutrality act of 1937-continued the ban on selling arms to warring nations, but also required them to buy all non military supplies from the united states on a "cash and carry" basis...had to have their own ships go to pick up supplies and had to pay with cash

Axis Powers

-Italy
-Japan
-Germany

Isolationism vs. Internationalism

internationalism-the idea that trade b/w nations creates prosperity and helps prevent war. while isolationism does not want any involvement with other nations in order to preserve safety

The Munich Conference

september 29, 1938-britain and france agreed to hitler's demands(appeasement) believed that if they gave him this they wouldn't bother him
-representatives of britain, france, and germany met to figure out czechloslavakias fate

Appeasement

made concessions in exchange for peace.

The Nazi-Soviet Pact

-nonaggression pact
-britain and france understood that this deal was made to free hitler for war against them and poland.
-contained secret deal to divide poland b/w germany and the soviet union

The Blitzkrieg

lightening war

The Fall of France

page 462

Maginot Line

french builta line of concrete bunkers and fortifications along the german border, french waited behind it for german approach, however it was disastrous because 1)it allowed germany to concentrate on poland first before facing the british and french, and 2) hitler decided to go around the maginot line which protected france's border with germany but not france's border with belgium.

Winston Churchill

new prime minister of great britain, spirited leader who delivered a defiant speech about how britain would never surrender

Battle of Britain

air battle
-german air force, the luftwaffe, began to attack british shipping on english channel. they launched an all out battle to destory the royal air force

The Holocaust

hitler used nuremburg laws, concentrations camps, the ss, and terror to discriminate against and kill many people, mainly jews

Concentration Camps

-camps built by hitler to either work the jews to death or kill them

Wannsee Conference

nazi leaders met to determine the final solution of the jewish question this is when concentration/extermination camps were created

The Lend-Lease Act

allowed the us to lend or lease arms to any country considered "vital to the defense of the united states"

Hemispheric Defense Zone

since roosevelt was unable to help protect british cargo ships because techniqually we were still neutral, he declared that the entire western half of the atlantic was part of the western hemisphere and therefore neutral

Atlantic Charter

an agreement committing the us and britain to a postwar world of democracy, nonaggression, free trade, and economic advancement and freedom of the seas

America's Embargo of Japan

us restricted the sale of strategic war materials. cause japan to get angry and join the axis powers

Blocking of Strategic materials

what???

Pearl Harbor

japan attacks naval base on december 7, 1941 killed and injured many as well as destroyed a most of the us fleet

War Production Board

roosevelt gave them the authority to set priorities and production goals and to control the distribution of raw materials and supplies.

Building an Army

american industry goes all war and tanks are now being made instead of cars, liberty ships are being built, weapons are invented and sold,

Army Segregation

seperate troops for african americans, but they were still involved in war but usually not allowed in combat

Double V Campaign

african american newspaper campaign urging african americans to support the war to achieve a double victory-over both hitler's racism abroad and the racism at home

Tuskegee Airmen

pilots trained in tuskegee, alabama
-1st air force unit of african americans

Women's Army Corps

replaced womens army auxiliary corps and was now part of the army officially

Douglas MacArthur

general who commanded american and filipino forces defending the phillipines

Bataan Death March

tens of thousands of war prisoners forced to march to a japanese prison

James Doolittle

lieutenant colonel put in charge of mission to bomb tokyo

Battle of the Coral Sea

...pg 496

Battle of Midway

...

Battle for North Africa

...

Battle for the Atlantic

...

Battle of Stalingrad

...

Women's role in the defense Industry

...

Japanese Internment

keeping japanese citizens in camps to keep them from threatening the us during the war

Rationing

limiting the purchase of certain items

Victory Gardens

grow your own food, so the farms can provide for the troops

Casablanca Conference

508...

Tehran Conference

...

Operation Overlord

plan for d-day,

D-Day

invasion of normandy beaches by the allies

Island-Hopping in the Pacific

513

MacArthur in the Pacific

...

Kamikaze

japanese suicide fighter pilots

Battle of the Bulge

...518

V-E Day

victory for the defeat of europe on may 8, 1945

Harry S. Truman

became president after roosevelt died, .........

Iwo Jima and Okinawa

520...

Japanese terms of surrender

they keep their emperor

The Manhattan Project

making of the atomic bomb

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

cities the atomic bombs were dropped on

V-J Day

victory in japan when japan finally surrendured on august 15, 1945

Creation of the United Nations

...524

Nuremberg Trials

...525

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