Definition: a statement in which 2 opposing ideas are balanced.
Example: "marriage has many pains, but celibacy has few pleasures." - Benjamin Franklin
Definition: a concise statement which expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance.
Example: "never a borrower or a lender be." - Shakespeare
Definition: a figure of speech in which an author directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or thing.
Example: "o judgement, thou hast fled to brutish beasts and men have lost their reason." - Shakespeare, Julius Caesar
Definition: a character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth.
Example: the noble savage (queequeg), the wise old man (yoda).
Definition: a statement of the meaning or main point of a literary work: an alignment of reason compelling
Definition: an expression in which elements are presented in a series without conjunctions.
Example: from Lincoln's Gettysburg Address "government of the people, by the people, for the people."
Definition: a sentence in which words, phrases or clauses are set off against each other to emphasize a contrast.
Example: "ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." - JFK
Definition: insincere, over-sentimental
Definition: a statement consisting of 2 parallel parts in which the 2nd part is structurally reversed.
Example: "time heals all wounds. time wounds, all heals." "Flowers are lovely. Love is flowerlike." - Coolridge
Definition: an expression that has been overused to an extent that its freshness has worn off.
Example: "pretty as a picture" "blue as the sky"
Definition: the point of highest intensity in a literary work
Example: "the murder of Caesar in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar"
Definition: informal words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing: the writing of a particular region.
Example: "y'all" from Texas
Definition: sentence with 1 independent clause and at least 1 dependent clause
Example: "if you have built castles in the air, your work need not be lost" - Henry David Thoreau
Definition: A sentence with 2 or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by 1 or more conjunctions
Example: "I do not propose to write an ode to dejection, but I proposed to brag as lustily as a chanticleer in the morning" - Thoreau
Definition: a fanciful, particularly clever metaphor
Example: in Walden the elaborate metaphor of the seasons is symbolic of the renewal of life
Definition: details that relate actual specific things or instances
Example: Thoreau's list of items with which he furnished his cabin
Definition: the implied or associative meaning of a word
Example: "old" connotes enfeeblement, "white" connotes purity
Definition: a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the sentence addition of the modifying clauses
Example: "I was seated by the shore of a small pond, about a mile and a half from the village of Concord, in the midst of an extensive wood." - Thoreau
Definition: A sentence which makes a declaration or statement
Example: "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately."
Definition: reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principal and then applying that principle to a specific case
Example: "All men are mortal" Socrates is a man" Therefore, Socrates is a mortal."