FSHN 120 - EXAM 2

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UIUC Rebecca Roach Fall 2012 Exam Prep

Which nutrient requires the least amount of energy to digest, transport, and store?

fat

All of the following are major classes of dietary lipide EXCEPT

glycogens

The major form of fat in both food and the body is _______

triglycerides

Two amino acids are joined together by a peptide bond to form a dipeptide. What is the by-product of this process?

water

A protein's _____ structure refers to the twisting, spiral shape formed by the sequence and chemical properties of its amino acids

secondary

Carbohydrates contain which elements?

Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen

The ________ intestine does not assist in the digestion of lipids

large

How do proteins differ from carbohydrates and fats?

Proteins contain nitrogen

___________ disease is NOT associated with type 2 diabetes?

autoimmune

Which of the following ingredients would alert you to the likely presence of trans fatty acids in a product?

partially hydrogenated vegetable oil

The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called

mutual supplementation

Robin's dinner contains 750 kcals. How many kilocalories will Robin expend in order to process this meal?

38-75 kcal

The FIT principle is _______________

the principle that a good physical fitness program should be based on frequency, intensity, and time

Currently, the best known treatment of eating disorders is

a team-management approach

How do proteins differ from carbohydrates and fats?

proteins contain nitrogen

The primary determinant of basal metabolic rate is an individual's _____

lean body mass

A flat belly and abdomen is not associated with

kwashiorkor

The key structural components of a cell's membrane are _______

phospholipids

_________ ________ are substances in plant foods that are not absorbed by the body

dietary fiber

Serena is 5'8" tall and weighs 180 pounds. Serena's BMI indicates that she is

overweight

What is the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for carbohydrates for an adult 19 years of age or older?

130 grams

The amount of energy expended by the body in digesting, absorbing, transporting, metabolizing, and storing nutrients is called

the thermic effect of food

Well-planned vegetarian diets cannot reduce the risk of

anemia

A fatty acid that contains a chain of 10 carbons and 1 double bond is termed a fatty acid

monoUNsaturated, medium chain

Why can't insulin be taken orally?

Insulin is a protein and would be broken down by the human digestive tract if taken orally

Essential fatty acids are not found in ____ and _____ products

meat and dairy

The label of ready-to-eat cereal box indicates that 1 cup contains 32 grams of carbohydrate, 4 grams of protein, and 2 grams of fat. How many kcals are there in two cups of this cereal?

324 kcals

By detecting and responding to the body's physiological signals, the ___ is the part of the body in control of hunger regulation

hypothalamus

Sugar alcohols are most often used in which of the following products?

chewing gums

Carbohydrate loading is helpful for ______ intense physical activity to maintain fitness

moderately

How much trans fat is recommended in the diet?

as little as possible

Which of the following types of fat is required to be listed on the Nutrition Facts Panel by the US Food and Drug Administration

trans fatty acid

The production of endogenous very-low-density-lipoproteins (VLDL) is decreased by_____

exercise

In the body, buffers are very important in

maintaing acid-base balance in the body

Insulin is synthesized and secreted by the

pancreas

energy consumed = _____ ________

energy expended

Significant chemical digestion of protein begins in the

stomach

A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of

two monosaccharides

Fatty-acid molecules provide much energy for

long-term activity (such as walking)

On average, an individual's BMR decreases approximately 3-5% per decade after they reach ____ years of age

30

When oxygen is scarce, cellular pyruvic acid will be converted to _____

lactic acid

Why does the body reduce nonvital body functions in untreated anorexia nervosa

the body needs to conserve energy

A body weight that exceeds 100% of the normal standard for a given height is called

morbid obesity

_________ is not an effective long-term treatment for obesity

liposuction

__________ is a monosaccharide

galactose

The major fuel source used by the working muscle during long physical activity is

fatty acids

________ does NOT occur in higher levels in obese people

Peptide YY (PYY)

_____ does NOT inhibit the digestion of fat so it does not compete with protein

HCl

_________ _______ has been associated with high intakes of fat replacers

gastrointestinal distress

______ and ___________ are the preferred fuels for most body functions

carbohydrate and fat

The part of an individual amino acid that distinguishes it from other amino acids

side chain

____________is the synthesis of new glucose from amino acids

gluconeogenesis

stomage form of glucose in animals found in the liver and skeletal muscle is

glycogen

one pound of body fat is equal to ______ calories

3,500

______ does not assist the digestion of lipids

large intestine

A limitation in using the BMI is that it

does not take body composition into account

Fat leaves the chylomircron and moves into adipose cells when ______ comes into contact with it, which causes the triglyceride to break up and be taked into the adipose cell

lipoprotein lipase

In the body, the major storage sites for glycogen are the ______ and ________

muscles and liver

Our bodies store glycogen at the highest rate ____ hours after exercise

24

Why are B vitamins especially important to an athlete?

The B vitamins are directly involved in energy metabolism

Which of the following fatty acids is generally solid at room temp.?

saturated

Research studies have shown that the risk for developing type-2 diabetes and hypertensions begins to increase at a BMI greater than ____

30

After completing an exercise session, adequate hydration in an athlete is best determined by

urine that is light yellow in color

_______ is the most important dietary aspect to modify for weight loss

calories

_________________ is NOT a common life-long problem following surgery for morbid obesity

increased resistance to infection

The insoluble fiber that provides that main structural component of plant cell walls is

cellulose

______ is NOT involved in maintaining blood glucose levels

thyroxin

Body Mass index is best described as

a ration of an individual's body weight to their height squared

Physical activity not related to a person's occupation is defined as

leisure-time physical activity

Why are phopholipids NOT an essential nutrient?

Our bodies manufacture phospholipids

_______ are organic nutrients that are insoluble in water

lipids

Mucilage is a type of fiber used to

thicken jams and yogurts

Which supplement would you recommend a vegan add to his/her diet?

vitamin B12

The primary end product of glycolysis is

pyruvic acid

Medium chain fatty acids are ____ carbon atoms in length

6-12

To achieve moderate intensity physical activity, the CDC recommends a target heart rate between 50 to ____ percent of an individual's maximal heart rate

70

___________________________ does NOT describe a characteristic associated with muscle dysmorphia

purging by the use of laxative and/or vomiting at least two times a day

Olestra is a

fat replacer

Because type 1 diabetes individuals do not produce any insulin, _______________

treatment always involves insulin therapy

The top of the Physical Activity Pyramid emphasizes activities that

we should do less of, such as watching TV

After a meal, which hormone is responsible for moving glucose into the body's cells?

insulin

The USDA requires which type of fat to be listed on the Nutrition Facts panel?

trans fatty acid

Apple-shaped fat pattern increases a person's risk for _____ disease

heart

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