PSY 2012 - Chapter 3 Quiz

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Psychology in Action Professor Davis Edison State College Spring 2012

This is NOT a major cause of death in the United States today.
A) pneumonia
B) cancer
C) cardiovascular disease
D) chronic lung disease

A) pneumonia

Hans Selye defined stress as

the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it

Hans Selye defined a stressor as

an environmental trigger that prompts a stressful reaction

In your text, the physical and mental arousal to situations that we perceive as threatening or challenging is called _____.

stress

Which of the following is NOT a stressor?
A) winning the lottery
B) a death in the family
C) taking a test
D) all of these options ARE stressors

D) all of these options ARE stressors

You have a minor car accident after which you experience sweaty palms, rapid breathing, and a racing heart. In this situation, _____ is the stressor, and _____ is the stress.

the accident; your physical reaction

According to Selye, pleasant, desirable stress is called _____.

Eustress

According to Selye, distress is _____.

unpleasant

The end result of a total absence of stress is _____.

death

The Social Readjustment Rating Scale constructed by Holmes and Rahe measures the stress in a person's life on the basis of _____.

life changes

Poor working conditions or a bad marriage are classified in your text as:

chronic stressors

_____ is one of the largest sources of chronic stress for adults.

Work

When one is forced to choose between two or more different and incompatible functions, one is experiencing ______.

role conflict

Small problems of daily living that accumulate and sometimes become a major source of stress are called _____.

hassles

_____ is an unpleasant state of tension, anxiety, and heightened sympathetic activity that results from a blocked goal.

Frustration

A negative emotional state caused by having to choose between two or more incompatible goals or impulses is called _____.

conflict

In an approach-approach conflict, a person must choose between two or more goals that will lead to _____.

a desirable result

In an avoidance-avoidance conflict, a person must choose between two or more goals that will lead to _____.

an undesirable result

The most difficult conflict to resolve is usually the _____ conflict.

avoidance-avoidance

The body's immediate fight-or-flight response is facilitated by the _______ system(s).

SAM

According to your text, the chemical that saves to feedback information to the brain about the body's response to stress is _______.

cortisol

The fight or flight response is triggered by the _____ nervous system.

sympathetic

The release of cortisol during the fight or flight response occurs at the end of the _____ pathway.

Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Adrenal cortex

A physiological alarm reaction, followed by resistance, and ending with exhaustion is known as _____.

the general adaptation syndrome

_____ is the field that studies the effects of psychological factors on the immune system.

Psychoimmunology

After exposure to a severe and prolonged stressor, illness and death may occur in the _____ phase of the general adaptation syndrome.

exhaustion

According to your text, most people do NOT have cancer because _____.

the immune system keeps cancer cells in check

The General Adaptation Syndrome indicates that we experience a biological reaction to stress, which occurs in three phases. The first phase is our initial response to a stressor. In the second phase we expend considerable energy to adapt to the stressor. And lastly, if the stressor is prolonged, it will likely result in us feeling depleted of energy, and increase our risk of becoming susceptible to serious illnesses. Identify below the correct order of the three phases:

alarm reaction; resistance; exhaustion

All of the following are effective strategies for stress management EXCEPT:

smoke a cigarette

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