An expressed struggle between at least two interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce resources, and interference from the other party in achieving their goals.
A lose-lose conflict style in which the parties ignore the problem at hand.
A lose-win conflict style in which the communicator submits to a situation rather than attempts to have his or her needs met.
A win-lose approach to conflicts that seeks to resolve them in one's own way.
A criticism or demand that threatens the face of the person at whom it is directed.
An indirect expression of aggression, delivered in a way that allows the sender to maintain a facade of kindness.
occurs when people have feelings of resentment, anger, or rage that they are unable or unwilling to express directly. The person sends aggressive messages in subtle, indirect ways, thus maintaining the front of kindness.
An approach to conflict resolution in which both parties attain at least part of what they wanted through self-sacrifice.
A conflict management style that seeks win-win solutions.
relational conflict style
A pattern of managing disagreements that repeats itself over time in a relationship.
complementary conflict style
A relational conflict style in which partners use different but mutually reinforcing behaviors.
symmetrical conflict style
A relational conflict style in which both partners use the same tactics.
parallel conflict style
A relational conflict style in which the approach of the partners varies from one situation to another.
An unacknowledged repeating pattern of interlocking behavior used by participants in a conflict.